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Proffered Paper - Supportive and palliative care

1568O - Quality of life in cancer patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors: A meta-analysis

Date

21 Sep 2020

Session

Proffered Paper - Supportive and palliative care

Presenters

Brian Gonzalez

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2020) 31 (suppl_4): S898-S902. 10.1016/annonc/annonc286

Authors

B.D. Gonzalez1, S.L. Eisel1, K.E. Bowles1, A.I. Hoogland1, B.W. James2, B.J. Small3, S. Sharpe4, K.A. Hyland5, H.W. Bulls1, S.M. Christy1, J. Mansfield2, A.M. Nelson1, R. Alla2, K. Maharaj6, B. Kennedy1, E. Lafranchise2, N.L. Williams7, M.A. Postow8, A.P. Dicker9, H.S.L. Jim1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Health Outcomes And Behavior, Moffitt Cancer Center, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 2 Morsani College Of Medicine, University of South Florida, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 3 School Of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 4 Moffitt Biomedical Library, Moffitt Cancer Center, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 5 Department Of Psychology, University of South Florida, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 6 School Of Public Health, University of South Florida, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 7 Radiation Oncology, Levine Cancer Institute at Atrium Health, 29732 - Charlotte/US
  • 8 Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering 60th Street Outpatient Center, 10022 - New York/US
  • 9 Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, 19107 - Philadelphia/US
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Resources

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Abstract 1568O

Background

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have transformed treatment of a variety of different cancer types. Published patient-reported quality of life (QOL) data have been largely limited to phase III trials. The size and heterogeneity of this literature can make patient education about ICIs difficult. The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantitatively summarize change QOL in patients receiving ICI for cancer.

Methods

Two meta-analyses were conducted on publications of PD-1/PD-L1 and/or CTLA-4 inhibitors that provided mean-level QOL using the EORTC QLQ-C30 and/or EQ-5D. One meta-analysis examined change in QOL in patients treated with ICIs from pre-treatment to follow-up approximately 12-24 weeks later. The second meta-analysis compared QOL at follow-up in ICI versus non-ICI regimens in randomized trials. Moderator analyses examined ICI regimen, comparator regimen, disease site, age, gender, follow-up period, and risk of bias.

Results

Of 20,323 publications identified, 26 met inclusion criteria. The first meta-analysis, encompassing 26 studies and 6,965 patients, indicated QOL did not change over time in patients treated with ICIs (P > .05). Significant moderators included ICI regimen, cancer type, sex, and risk of bias (P values <.05). In the second meta-analysis of 16 studies and 6,536 patients (ICI n=3,588, non-ICI n=2,948), better QOL was observed in ICI versus non-ICI regimens (P < .05). Significant moderators included ICI regimen, cancer type, age, and risk of bias (P values <.05).

Conclusions

This study is among the first to quantitatively summarize QOL in patients treated with ICIs. Findings suggest ICI recipients report overall stable QOL and better QOL than patients treated with non-ICI regimens. Results confirm that despite immune-related toxicities, ICIs are generally well-tolerated.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

National Cancer Institute grant K01 CA211789 (PI: Gonzalez).

Disclosure

B.D. Gonzalez: Advisory/Consultancy: Elly Health, SureMed Compliance. A.P. Dicker: Advisory/Consultancy: Roche, EMD Serono, Celldex, Janssen, Cybrexa, Self Care Catalysts, Oncohost, ThirdBridge, Noxopharm, Varian, Accordant, Moleculin. H.S.L. Jim: Advisory/Consultancy: RedHill BioPharma; Janssen Scientific Affairs, Merck. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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