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Proffered Paper - Basic Science

1977O - Functional inactivation of E-cadherin drives EMT-less metastasis

Date

21 Sep 2020

Session

Proffered Paper - Basic Science

Presenters

Saverio Alberti

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2020) 31 (suppl_4): S1052-S1064. 10.1016/annonc/annonc295

Authors

S. Alberti1, E. Guerra2, R. Lattanzio2, M. Ceci2, K. Boujnah1, S. Briguori1, V. Garbo1, A. Moschella1, D.F. Altomare3, R. Depalo3, M.T. Rotelli3, A. Picciariello3, M. Trerotola2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Biomorf, AOU Policlinico G. Martino - Università di Messina, 98125 - Messina/IT
  • 2 Cast, University of Chieti, 66100 - Chieti Scalo/IT
  • 3 Department Of Emergency And Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, 70124 - Bari/IT
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Resources

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Abstract 1977O

Background

Tumor metastasis is the main cause of death of cancer patients and the biggest hurdle for cancer cure. The identification of decisive drivers of metastasis is thus an urgent therapeutic need.

Methods

Cancer cell spheroids, wound healing and cell aggregation assays were utilized to explore cell-cell adhesion capacity. Immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and flow cytometry analysis were utilized to quantify expression of target proteins, IHC analysis quantified the expression of target molecules in primary tumors and metastases. Pre-clinical models of orthotopic growth of colon cancer and metastatic diffusion to the liver were utilized. Xenotransplant transcriptome analysis assessed EMT determinant transcription. Patients: 24 distinct case series of breast, colon, uterus, ovary, stomach, lung, and pancreatic cancers, for a total number of 13,042 primary tumors were analyzed. Kaplan–Meier plots were used to illustrate survival and metastatic relapse in investigated cohorts.

Results

We identify functional inactivation of highly expressed E-cadherin as a pivotal driver of metastatic diffusion in human cancer. E-cadherin is inactivated by binding to Trop-2, which causes release from the cytoskeleton, loss of cell-cell adhesion and activation of β-catenin, while maintaining epithelial differentiation. This leads to anti-apoptotic signaling, increased cell migration capacity and enhanced cancer cell survival. This global, Trop-2/E-cadherin/β-catenin-driven pro-metastatic program was recapitulated in human cancer, and was shown to profoundly impact on breast, colon, ovary, uterus, stomach cancer metastatic diffusion.

Conclusions

We identify functional inactivation of E-cadherin by Trop-2 as a pivotal driver of EMT-less metastatic diffusion in human cancer. This global, Trop-2/E-cadherin/b-catenin–driven pro-metastatic program profoundly impacts on the survival of patients bearing breast, colon, uterus, ovary, stomach, lung, pancreas tumours, paving the way for novel diagnostic procedures and anti-cancer therapies.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Italian Ministry of Development (MI01_00424) and of University and Research (SCN_00558). M.T. was supported by the Programma Per Giovani Ricercatori “Rita Levi Montalcini” (Grant PGR12I7N1Z).

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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