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Mini Oral - Genitourinary tumours, prostate

616MO - Efficacy of BN-brachyury (BNVax) + bintrafusp alfa (BA) + N-803 in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC): Results from a preliminary analysis of the Quick Efficacy Seeking Trial (QuEST1)

Date

18 Sep 2020

Session

Mini Oral - Genitourinary tumours, prostate

Presenters

Jason Redman

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2020) 31 (suppl_4): S507-S549. 10.1016/annonc/annonc275

Authors

J.M. Redman1, R.A. Madan2, F. Karzai2, M. Bilusic2, L. Cordes2, J. Marte2, M. Manu3, N. Williams2, A. Hankin2, C. Floudas1, H. Abdul-Sater1, M.E. Gatti-Mays4, J. Strauss4, S. Steinberg5, W. Dahut2, J. Schlom4, J.L. Gulley2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Genitourinary Malignancies Branch, Center for Cancer Research (CCR), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), 20892-9739 - Bethesda/US
  • 2 Genitourinary Malignancies Branch, Center for Cancer Research (CCR), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), 20892 - Bethesda/US
  • 3 Clinical Research Directorate, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, 21702 - Frederick/US
  • 4 Laboratory Of Tumor Immunology And Biology, Center for Cancer Research (CCR), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), 20892 - Bethesda/US
  • 5 Clinical Center For Research, Center for Cancer Research (CCR), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), 20850-9716 - Rockville/US
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Resources

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Abstract 616MO

Background

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have minimal activity in unselected CRPC patients (pts). Combination regimens that generate a tumor-directed immune response (vaccine) and facilitate the resulting anti-tumor immune activity (checkpoint blockade, cytokines) have shown synergy in preclinical models. BNVax is a therapeutic poxviral vaccine targeting brachyury, a transcription factor involved in invasion and metastasis. BA is a bifunctional fusion protein: anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody fused to the TGF-β-RII receptor extracellular domain (a TGF-β trap). N-803 is an IL-15 superagonist complex. Here we report an interim efficacy analysis of the QuEST1 study, aimed to rapidly interrogate safety and efficacy of immunotherapy combinations in CRPC.

Methods

Asymptomatic/minimally symptomatic CRPC pts received BNVax + BA (Arm 2.1) or BNVax + BA + N-803 (Arm 2.2). BNVax is given as 2 prime doses followed by boosts. BA 1,200 mg intravenously and N-803 15 μg/kg subcutaneously are given every 2 weeks. Efficacy is defined as objective response by RECIST v1.1 or PSA decrease ≥ 30% sustained for ≥ 21 days. Safety was a secondary endpoint.

Results

As of 4/26/20, 22 CRPC pts enrolled and had 3 to 17 months follow up. 1/13 pts (Arm 2.1) had a PSA response sustained for 13 months. 4/9 (44%) pts (Arm 2.2) had sustained PSA responses; 2 of these pts had confirmed PR, including 1 pt who progressed on abiraterone and enzalutamide. There were no DLTs or grade >3 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs). Grade 3 TRAEs: 1 pancreatitis (Arm 2.1), 1 secondary adrenal insufficiency (Arm 2.1), and 1 hyperglycemia due to new onset diabetes mellitus (Arm 2.2). Table: 616MO

PSA Response/ # Evaluable (%) # with Measurable Disease by RECIST BOR in Pts with Measurable Disease by RECIST
CR PR SD PD
BNVax + BA 1/13 (7.8%) 3 0 0 1 2
BNVax + BA + N-803 4/9 (44%) 3 0 2 1 0

Conclusions

BVax + BA + N-803 demonstrated a manageable safety profile and preliminary evidence of efficacy in CRPC. Addition of N-803 in Arm 2.2 was associated with more activity in this small sample. Arm 2.2 met the predetermined threshold for efficacy and will expand (n=25).

Clinical trial identification

NCT03493945. First posted April 11, 2018.

Editorial acknowledgement

Debra Weingarten, Laboratory of Tumor Immunology and Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute.

Funding

The National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health has Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) with Bavarian Nordic, Merck KGaA, and ImmunityBio.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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