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Proffered Paper session - Gastrointestinal tumours, colorectal 2

LBA21 - Radioembolization with chemotherapy for colorectal liver metastases: A randomized, open-label, international, multicenter, phase III trial (EPOCH study)

Date

20 Sep 2021

Session

Proffered Paper session - Gastrointestinal tumours, colorectal 2

Presenters

Mary Mulcahy

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2021) 32 (suppl_5): S1283-S1346. 10.1016/annonc/annonc741

Authors

M.F. Mulcahy1, R. Salem2, A. Mahvash3, M. Pracht4, A.H. Montazeri5, S. Bandula6, K. Hermann7, E. Brown8, D. Zuckerman9, G. Wilson10, T. Kim11, A. Weaver12, P. Ross13, W.P. Harris14, M.S. Johnson15, C.T. Sofocleous16, S.A. Padia17, R.J. Lewandowski18, E. Garin19, P. Sinclair20

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, Northwestern University, 60611 - Chicago/US
  • 2 Interventional Radiology, Northwestern University, 60611 - Chicago/US
  • 3 Interventional Radiology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston/US
  • 4 Medical Oncology Department, Centre Eugene - Marquis, 35042 - Rennes/FR
  • 5 Clinical Oncology, Clatterbridge Cancer Center, Wirral - NHS Foundation Trust, CH63 4JY - Metropolitan Borough of Wirral/GB
  • 6 Interventional Radiology, University College London Hospital, London/GB
  • 7 Nuclear Medicine, Universitatsklinikum Essen, Essen/DE
  • 8 Medical Oncology Department, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh/GB
  • 9 Interventional Radiology, Yale University, New Haven/US
  • 10 Medical Oncology Department, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester/GB
  • 11 Medical Oncology Department, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul/KR
  • 12 Medical Oncology Department, Churchill Hospital University of Oxford, OX3 7LE - Oxford/GB
  • 13 Medical Oncology Department, Guy's Hospital, London/GB
  • 14 Medicine Oncology, University of Washington Medical Center, 98195 - Seattle/US
  • 15 Interventional Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis/US
  • 16 Interventional Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York/US
  • 17 Interventional Radiology, University of California- Los Angeles, Los Angeles/US
  • 18 Interventional Radiology, Northwestern University, Chicago/US
  • 19 Nuclear Medicine, Centre Eugene Marquis, Rennes/FR
  • 20 Interventional Oncology, Boston Scientific Corporation, Marlborough/US
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Resources

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Abstract LBA21

Background

Safety and efficacy of trans-arterial Yttrium-90 radioembolization (TARE) in combination with systemic chemotherapy in the second-line setting for colorectal liver metastases is unknown.

Methods

In this phase 3 trial, patients with colorectal liver metastases who progressed on first-line therapy were randomized 1:1 to receive second-line chemotherapy with or without glass microsphere TARE. The two primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and hepatic PFS (hPFS), assessed by blinded-independent central review. Randomization was stratified by unilobar/bilobar disease, oxaliplatin/irinotecan-based first-line chemotherapy, and KRAS mutation status.

Results

428 patients from 94 centers were randomized to chemotherapy +/- TARE. The hazard ratio (HR) for PFS was 0.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-0.88; 1-sided p=0.0013), with a median PFS of 8.0 (CI, 7.2-9.2) and 7.2 (CI, 5.7-7.6) months, respectively. The HR for hPFS was 0.59 (CI, 0.46-0.77; 1-sided p<0.0001), with a median hPFS of 9.1 (CI, 7.8-9.7) and 7.2 (CI, 5.7-7.6) months, respectively. Objective response rates were 34.0% (CI, 28.0-40.5%) and 21.1% (CI, 16.2-27.1%; 1-sided p=0.0019) for TARE and chemotherapy groups, respectively. Median overall survival was 14.0 (CI, 11.8-15.5) and 14.4 months (CI, 12.8-16.4; 1-sided p=0.7229) with a HR of 1.07 (CI, 0.86-1.32) for TARE and chemotherapy groups, respectively. Grade 3 adverse events were reported more frequently in the TARE group (68.4 vs 49.3%). The PFS benefit of TARE was observed for tumors with KRAS mutation (HR 0.57, CI: 0.40-0.80), left-side primary tumor (HR 0.65, CI: 0.48-0.88), hepatic tumor burden 10-25% (HR 0.43, CI: 0.26-0.72), ≤3 lesions (HR 0.33, CI: 0.14-0.76), addition of a biologic agent (HR 0.58, CI: 0.40-0.84), and resected primary (HR 0.63, CI: 0.46-0.85).

Conclusions

EPOCH study met both primary endpoints, demonstrating the addition of TARE to systemic therapy for second-line colorectal liver metastases leads to significantly longer PFS and hPFS. Further subset analyses will better define the ideal patient population benefitting from TARE.

Clinical trial identification

NCT01483027.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Boston Scientific Corporation.

Funding

Boston Scientific Corporation.

Disclosure

M.F. Mulcahy: Financial Interests, Personal, Research Grant: Boston Scientific. R. Salem: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Boston Scientific Corporation; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Cook; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Eisai; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Genentech; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Becton Dickinson; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Sirtex; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: QED Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Siemens. A. Mahvash: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Sirtex Medical; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: ABK Biomedical; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Sirtex Medical; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: ABK Biomedical. M. Pracht: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel: Boston Scientific . K. Hermann: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Sofie Biosciences; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Sirtex; Non-Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: ABX; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Adacap; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Curium; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Endocyte; Financial Interests, Personal, Research Grant: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Ipsen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Siemens Healthineers; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: GE Healthcare; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Amgen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Novartis; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: ymabs; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Aktis Oncology; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Theragnostics; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Pharma15. P. Ross: Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Sanofi; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: SIRTEX; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Amgen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Eisai; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Roche; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Roche; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Servier; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Amgen; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel/Conference: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel/Conference: Servier; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel/Conference: Roche; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel/Conference: Ipsen. W.P. Harris: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: QED Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Zymeworks; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: BD Medical; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Merck; Financial Interests, Personal, Member of the Board of Directors: GI Cancers Alliance; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Eisai; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Exelixis; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Neotherma; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Agios; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Basilea; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Bayer; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: BMS; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Exelixis; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Koo Foundation; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: MedImmune. M.S. Johnson: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Boston Scientific. C.T. Sofocleous: Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Ethicon J&J; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Sirtex; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Ethicon J&J; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Terumo; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Sirtex; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Varian. S.A. Padia: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Varian Medical Systems; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Guerbet; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Teleflex Medical; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Bristol Meyer Squibb. R.J. Lewandowski: Financial Interests, Personal, Invited Speaker: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Boston Scientific. E. Garin: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Boston Scientific. P. Sinclair: Financial Interests, Personal, Full or part-time Employment: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Boston Scientific; Financial Interests, Personal, Sponsor/Funding: Boston Scientific. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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