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Mini oral session - Non-metastatic NSCLC and other thoracic malignancies

1151MO - Pathological response is an independent factor of overall survival and disease-free survival after neoadjuvant durvalumab in resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the IFCT-1601 IONESCO phase II trial

Date

18 Sep 2021

Session

Mini oral session - Non-metastatic NSCLC and other thoracic malignancies

Presenters

Marie Wislez

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2021) 32 (suppl_5): S931-S938. 10.1016/annonc/annonc727

Authors

M. Wislez1, J. Mazieres2, A. Lavole3, G. Zalcman4, O. Carre5, T. Egenod6, R. Caliandro7, R. Gervais8, G. Jeannin9, O. Molinier10, M. Massiani11, A. Langlais12, F. Morin12, F. Le Pimpec Barthes13, L. Brouchet14, J. Assouad15, B. Milleron12, V. Westeel16, M. Antoine17, D. Damotte18

Author affiliations

  • 1 Oncology Thoracic Unit Pulmonology Department, Hôpital Cochin, APHP, 75679 - Paris/FR
  • 2 Pneumology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse - Hopital Larrey, 31059 - Toulouse/FR
  • 3 Pneumology, Hôpital Tenon, APHP, 75020 - Paris/FR
  • 4 Thoracic Oncology Department, Institution Université de Paris, Hôpital Bichat, APHP, 75018 - Paris/FR
  • 5 Pneumology, Clinique de l'Europe Amiens, 80000 - Amiens/FR
  • 6 Thoracic Oncology Department, CHU Limoges - Hopital Dupuytren, 87042 - Limoges/FR
  • 7 Pneumology, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, 75014 - Paris/FR
  • 8 Pneumology, Centre Francois Baclesse, 14076 - Caen/FR
  • 9 Thoracic Oncology, CHU Gabriel Montpied, 630003 - Clermont Ferrand/FR
  • 10 Respiratory Diseases And Thoracic Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Du Mans, 72037 - Le Mans/FR
  • 11 Medical Oncology, Hopital René Huguenin - Institut Curie, 92210 - Saint-Cloud/FR
  • 12 Clinical Research Unit, French Cooperative Thoracic Intergroup, 75009 - Paris/FR
  • 13 Thoracic Surgery, Hôpital Européen George Pompidou, 75015 - Paris/FR
  • 14 Thoracic Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse - Hopital Larrey, 31059 - Toulouse/FR
  • 15 Thoracic Surgery, Hôpital Tenon, APHP, 75020 - Paris/FR
  • 16 Pneumology, CHRU Besancon - Hopital Jean Minjoz, 25030 - Besançon/FR
  • 17 Pathology, Hôpital Tenon, APHP, 75020 - Paris/FR
  • 18 Pathology, Hopital Cochin, APHP, Université de Paris, 75014 - Paris/FR
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Resources

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Abstract 1151MO

Background

Major pathological response after neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy for early-stage NSCLC has been shown to predict survival. This has not been demonstrated for neoadjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors. In IONESCO multicenter phase II trial, 3 cycles of durvalumab were administered in stage IB>4cm–IIIA, non N2 resectable NSCLC (TNM 8th edition) before surgery. We report here the updated analysis on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) and their association with residual viable tumor cells (RVT).

Methods

Tissue specimens from patients who underwent neoadjuvant durvalumab and complete surgical resection were retrospectively evaluated by two pathologists blinded to patient outcomes. Specimens were reviewed for the degree of pathologic response i.e. % of RVT in the primary tumor and in any involved lymph nodes. The relationship between % of RVT as a continuous variable and outcomes (OS and DFS) was analyzed using a Cox regression model including patient characteristics (age, gender, PS, smoking status), histology, PD-L1 tumor proportion score (TPS), stage and surgical procedure.

Results

50 pts were included. 46 were eligible and received durvalumab, 43 operated, 67.4% males, median age, 61 yr; all ECOG PS 0-1; 98% (ex-)smokers; 23 adenocarcinoma, 19 squamous; clinical stages IB/IIA/IIB/IIIA = 5/13/27/1; 15 TPS ≥1%. Median % of RVT was 36.11. Median OS and DFS were not reached; 18-m OS: 89.1% [95% CI: 75.8-95.3] 18-m DFS: 73.7% [95% CI: 58.4-84.1]. In the multivariate prognostic analysis, for increasing value of % of RVT, OS and DFS were poorer (HR [95%CI]: 1.05 [1.00-1.10] p=0.04 and 1.06 [1.01-1.11] p=0.02, respectively).

Conclusions

The IFCT-1601 IONESCO trial showed for the first time that the extent of pathological response to a neoadjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitor is an independent prognostic factor of OS and DFS in NSCLC.

Clinical trial identification

NCT03030131.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

French Cooperative Thoracic Intergroup (IFCT).

Funding

AstraZeneca.

Disclosure

M. Wislez: Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Roche; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: BMS; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: MSD; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: MSD; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: Novartis; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Novartis; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: Lilly; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: Merck KGaA; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: Merus; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: GSK; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: Amgen; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Boeringher Ingelheim. J. Mazieres: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Roche; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: MSD; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Daiichi; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Pierre Fabre; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Amgen; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Pierre Fabre. G. Zalcman: Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: BMS; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Roche; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Meeting attendance reimbursement: Pfizer; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: MSD; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: Da Volterra; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Role: Inventiva; Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: AbbVie; Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: GSK; Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: BMS; Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: Roche; Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Principal Investigator: Da Volterra. O. Molinier: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Amgen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Takeda; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: MSD; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Teaching: Menarini. V. Westeel: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honoraria: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honoraria: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: MSD; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Takeda; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: MSD; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Roche; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Boehringer Ingelheim; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: MSD; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel, Accomodation, Expenses: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel, Accomodation, Expenses: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel, Accomodation, Expenses: Pfizer; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel, Accomodation, Expenses: Roche. D. Damotte: Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Research Grant: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Roche; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: MSD. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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