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Proffered Paper session - Sarcoma

LBA59 - LMS-04 study: A randomised, multicenter, phase III study comparing doxorubicin alone versus doxorubicin with trabectedin followed by trabectedin in non-progressive patients as first-line therapy, in patients with metastatic or unresectable leiomyosarcoma - A French Sarcoma Group study

Date

21 Sep 2021

Session

Proffered Paper session - Sarcoma

Presenters

Patricia Pautier

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2021) 32 (suppl_5): S1283-S1346. 10.1016/annonc/annonc741

Authors

P. Pautier1, A. Italiano2, S. Piperno-Neumann3, C.M. Chevreau4, N. Penel5, D. Cupissol6, P. Boudou Rouquette7, F. Bertucci8, C. Balleyguier9, V. Lebrun-Ly10, J. Blay11, E. Kalbacher12, C. Delcambre13, E. Bompas14, O. Collard15, N. Isambert16, C. Guillemet17, M. Rios18, M. Sundqvist19, F. Duffaud20

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medicine Dept., Institut Gustave Roussy, 94805 - Villejuif/FR
  • 2 Early Phase Trials Unit, Institute Bergonié, 33076 - Bordeaux/FR
  • 3 Medicine Department, Institut Curie, 75674 - PARIS/FR
  • 4 Oncology Department, Institut Universitaire du Cancer -Toulouse- Oncopole, 31059 - Toulouse/FR
  • 5 General Oncology Department, Centre Oscar Lambret, 59020 - Lille/FR
  • 6 Medicine Department, Institut du cancer de Montpellier, 34298 - Montpellier/FR
  • 7 Medical Oncology Department, Hopital Cochin - Site Port-Royal AP-HP, 75014 - Paris/FR
  • 8 Medical Oncology Department, Institut Paoli Calmettes, 13009 - Marseille/FR
  • 9 Radiology Department, Institut Gustave Roussy, 94805 - Villejuif/FR
  • 10 Medical Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 87000 - Limoges/FR
  • 11 Medicine Department, Centre Léon Bérard, 69008 - Lyon/FR
  • 12 Medicine Department, Hôpital Jean Minjoz, 25030 - Besançon/FR
  • 13 Medicine Department, Centre Francois Baclesse, 14076 - Caen/FR
  • 14 Medicine Department, Institut de Cancérologie de l'Ouest, 44000 - Nantes/FR
  • 15 Medicine Department, Institut de Cancérologie Lucien Neuwirth, 42270 - St-Priest-en-Jarez/FR
  • 16 Medical Oncology, CHU Poitiers, 86021 - Poitiers/FR
  • 17 Medicine Department, Centre Henri Becquerel, 76038 - Rouen/FR
  • 18 Medecine, Institut de Cancérologie de Lorraine, 54500 - Vandoeuvre Les Nancy/FR
  • 19 Biostatistic And Epidemiology Department, Gustave Roussy - Cancer Campus, 94805 - Villejuif/FR
  • 20 Medical Oncology, APHP Marseilles, Marseilles/FR
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Resources

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Abstract LBA59

Background

Doxorubicin (Dox) alone remains the standard 1st-line treatment for unresectable or metastatic (met) leiomyosarcoma (LMS). The LMS02 study reported very encouraging results of a doxorubicin + trabectedin (Dox+Trab) combination in 1st-line therapy for met LMS with median progression-free survival (PFS) of 10.1 months (mo), and median overall survival (OS) of 34.4 mo.

Methods

The LMS-04 trial compared, as 1st-line treatment for patients (pts) with met or unresectable LMS, up to 6 cycles (cy) of Dox (75 mg/m2) (arm A) vs up to 6 cy of Dox (60 mg/m2) + Trab (1.1 mg/m2) q 3w followed by maintenance with Trab alone for non-progressive pts (up to 17cy) (arm B). Surgery for residual disease was allowed in both arms after 6 cy. Primary endpoint is PFS (according to RECIST 1.1); the objective was to improve median PFS, from 6 mo in arm A to 9.7 mo in arm B. Pts were stratified by tumour location (uterine U-LMS vs soft tissue ST-LMS).

Results

Between January 2017 and March 2019, 150 pts with LMS (U-LMS: n=67; ST-LMS: n=83) with a median age of 61 years (range 30-86) and mostly metastatic diseases (90%) were enrolled: 76 in arm A and 74 in arm B. Median follow-up in August 2021 was 37 months (mo); 74% of arm B pts received at least 1 cy of Trab in maintenance. Grade 3-4 toxicities were reported in 46% of arm A pts vs 81% of arm B pts, mostly hematologic and digestive, with 1 toxic death due to infection (arm A). Primary end-point has significantly improved with Dox+Trab vs Dox, with median PFS of 13.5 mo [95% CI : 11.3-16.7] vs 7.3 mo [95% CI : 6.2-8.3], with adjusted HR : 0.384 [0.27;0.55] and p<.0001. The overall response rate (ORR) is 13% [10 PR] with Dox and 38% [4 CR + 24 PR] with Dox+Trab; 6 pts (arm A) and 14 pts (arm B) underwent surgery after 6 cy. Median OS rates are 24.1 mo with Dox and 30.5 mo with Dox+Trab (HR: 0.74 [0.49;1.12]).

Conclusions

Dox+Trab combination in 1st-line therapy increases significantly the PFS of met LMS compared to Dox alone, though at the cost of additional expected and manageable toxicity. Benefit in ORR and OS is also observed.

Clinical trial identification

NCT02997358.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Institut Gustave-Roussy.

Funding

PharmaMar.

Disclosure

P. Pautier: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board, 2015: PharmaMar; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board, 2020: Roche; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board, 2021: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board, 2019-2020: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board, 2020: Clovis; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: GSK; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board, 2018-2019: Roche. S. Piperno-Neumann: Non-Financial Interests, Personal, Other, travel grantsnts: PharmaMar; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: ImmunoCore. C.M. Chevreau: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Ipsen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: LEO; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: MSD; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: MSD; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Ipsen; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Karyopharm; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Exelixis. N. Penel: Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Bayer HealthCare. P. Boudou Rouquette: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Takeda; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: PharmaMar; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: BMS; Other, Personal, Other, Travel fees: Takeda. C. Balleyguier: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, radiological review: EISAI; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, radiological review: Bracco; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, radiological review: GE Healthcare; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, radiological review: Samsung. J. Blay: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: PharmaMar; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: PharmMar. E. Kalbacher: Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: GSK-Tesaro; Non-Financial Interests, Other, travel grantsnts: GSK-Tesaro; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: PharmaMar; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: Roche; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: LeoPharma; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: Bayer; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: Sanofi. F. Duffaud: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Lilly; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Roche; Other, Personal, Other, Attending to oncology meeting: LeoPharma; Other, Personal, Other, Attending to oncology meeting: PharmaMar. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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