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Mini oral session - NETs and endocrine tumours

LBA67 - Cabozantinib versus placebo in patients with radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer who have progressed after prior VEGFR-targeted therapy: Updated results from the phase III COSMIC-311 trial and prespecified subgroup analyses by prior therapy

Date

20 Sep 2021

Session

Mini oral session - NETs and endocrine tumours

Presenters

Jaume Capdevila

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2021) 32 (suppl_5): S1283-S1346. 10.1016/annonc/annonc741

Authors

J. Capdevila1, B. Robinson2, S.I. Sherman3, B. Jarzab4, C. Lin5, F. Vaisman6, A.O. Hoff7, E. Hitre8, D.W. Bowles9, S. Sen10, P. Patel11, J. Oliver12, B. Keam13, M.S. Brose14

Author affiliations

  • 1 Gastrointestinal And Endocrine Tumor Dept., Vall d`Hebron University Hospital Institut d'Oncologia, 8035 - Barcelona/ES
  • 2 Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney/AU
  • 3 Department Of Endocrine Neoplasia And Hormonal Disorders, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston/US
  • 4 Department Of Nuclear Medicine And Endocrine Oncology, Maria Sklodowska Curie National Research Institute of Oncology Gliwice Branch, Gliwice/PL
  • 5 Department Of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, 10002 - Taipei/TW
  • 6 Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro/BR
  • 7 Department Of Endocrinology, Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo/BR
  • 8 Department Of Medical Oncology And Clinical Pharmacology "b,", Országos Onkológiai Intézet, Budapest/HU
  • 9 Division Of Medical Oncology, University of Colorado Cancer Center, 80045 - Aurora/US
  • 10 Medical Affairs, Exelixis, Inc., Alameda/US
  • 11 Clinical Operations, Exelixis, Inc., Alameda/US
  • 12 Medical, Exelixis, Inc., Alameda/US
  • 13 Internal Medicine Dept, Seoul National University Hospital, 110-744 - Seoul/KR
  • 14 Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania- Clinical Research Building, 19104 - Philadelphia/US
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Resources

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Abstract LBA67

Background

At a preplanned interim analysis (median follow-up 6.2 mo) of the double-blind, phase 3 COSMIC-311 trial (NCT03690388), C significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) versus P (HR 0.22, 96% CI 0.13–0.36; p<0.0001) in 187 pts with previously treated RAIR-DTC (Brose, Lancet Oncol; 2021). Pts must have received lenvatinib (L) or sorafenib (S) and progressed during or after 1–2 prior VEGFR inhibitors. We present final analysis with a longer follow-up of all randomized pts (ITT population) and for prespecified subgroups who received prior L, S, or both.

Methods

Pts were randomized 2:1 to C (60 mg QD) or P. P pts could cross over to open-label C upon disease progression per blinded independent radiology committee (BIRC). PFS (ITT) and objective response rate (ORR, first 100 randomized pts) per RECIST v1.1 by BIRC were the primary endpoints.

Results

At final analysis 258 pts (170 C, 88 P) were randomized (data cut-off 8 Feb 2021); 96 had received prior S/no L, 102 prior L/no S, and 60 prior S and L. Median follow-up was 10.1 mo. Forty pts crossed over from P to receive C. Median PFS (ITT population) was 11 mo for C vs 1.9 mo for P (HR 0.22, 96% CI 0.15–0.32; p<0.0001). For subgroups, median PFS was 16.6 vs 3.2 mo for prior S/no L (HR 0.13, 95% CI 0.06–0.26); 5.8 vs 1.9 mo for prior L/no S (HR 0.28, 95% CI 0.16-0.48), and 7.6 vs 1.9 mo for prior S and L (HR 0.27, 95% CI 0.13–0.54). ORR (ITT population) was 11% for C vs 0% for P; overall survival HR 0.76 (95% CI 0.45–1.31). Grade 3/4 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were 62% in the C arm vs 28% in the P arm with no treatment-related grade 5 events; 67% vs 5% required dose reductions due to TEAEs; 8.8% vs 0% discontinued treatment due to TEAEs not related to disease.

Conclusions

At the final analysis of COSMIC-311 with longer follow-up, C maintained its superior efficacy vs P with a manageable safety profile in pts with previously treated RAIR-DTC. The PFS benefit was consistent with the interim analysis and irrespective of prior VEGFR-targeted therapy.

Clinical trial identification

XL184–311; NCT03690388.

Editorial acknowledgement

Medical writing assistance provided by Suvajit Sen, PhD (Exelixis, Inc.).

Legal entity responsible for the study

Exelixis.

Funding

Exelixis.

Disclosure

J. Capdevila: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Lilly; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Eisai; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Eisai; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Exelixis; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Pfizer; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Ipsen; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Ipsen; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Astrazeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Roche; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Novartis; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Adacap; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Adacap; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Merck; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Personal fees: Sanofi. B. Robinson: Financial Interests, Personal, Leadership Role: Cochlear; Mayne Pharma; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Cochlear; Mayne Pharma; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Eisai; Loxo; Financial Interests, Personal, Speaker’s Bureau: Eisai; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel, Accommodations, and/or Expenses: Eisai. S.I. Sherman: Financial Interests, Personal, Full or part-time Employment: MD Anderson Cancer Center; Financial Interests, Institutional, Full or part-time Employment: Southwest OB/GYN Associates; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Eisai; Exelixis; Ignyta; Loxo; Financial Interests, Personal, Sponsor/Funding: Exelixis. B. Jarzab: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: AstraZeneca; Sobi; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honoraria: Amgen; AstraZeneca; Bayer Health Care; Eisai; Exelixis; Ipsen; Sanofi-Genzyme; Novartis; Oxygene; Pfizer. C. Lin: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: AbbVie; Bayer; Blueprint Medicines; Boehringer Ingelheim; Bristol Myers Squibb; Daiichi Sankyo; Novartis; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honoraria: Boehringer Ingelheim; Eli Lilly; Novartis; Roche. S. Sen: Financial Interests, Personal, Full or part-time Employment: Exelixis, Inc.; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Exelixis, Inc. P. Patel: Financial Interests, Personal, Full or part-time Employment: Exelixis, Inc.; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role, Clinical Trial Leader for COSMIC-311: Exelixis, Inc.; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Exelixis, Inc. J. Oliver: Financial Interests, Personal, Full or part-time Employment: Exelixis, Inc.; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Exelixis, Inc. B. Keam: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: AstraZeneca; MSD, Handok; CBS Bio; Genexine; and Trialinformatics; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honoraria: MSD; AstraZeneca; and Ono Pharmaceutical. M.S. Brose: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honoraria: Bayer; Eisai; Lilly; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Role: Bayer; Blueprint Medicines; Eisai; Exelixis; Lilly; Loxo; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Bayer (Inst); Blueprint Medicines (Inst); Eisai (Inst); Exelixis (Inst); Lilly (Inst); Loxo (Inst). All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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