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ePoster Display

592P - Bipolar androgen therapy (BAT) plus olaparib in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC)

Date

16 Sep 2021

Session

ePoster Display

Topics

Tumour Site

Prostate Cancer

Presenters

Michael Schweizer

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2021) 32 (suppl_5): S626-S677. 10.1016/annonc/annonc702

Authors

M. Schweizer1, R. Gulati2, T. Yezefski3, H. Cheng1, C. Sievers3, R. Dumpit4, K. Alexander3, N. McDonald3, M. Lai3, K. Nega3, J. Hammond3, P. Grivas1, A. Hsieh4, B. Montgomery3, P. Nelson4, E. Yu1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Internal Medicine, Division Of Medical Oncology, University of Washington, WA 98109 - Seattle/US
  • 2 Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 98109 - Seattle/US
  • 3 Internal Medicine, Division Of Medical Oncology, University of Washington, 98109 - Seattle/US
  • 4 Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 98109 - Seattle/US
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Abstract 592P

Background

BAT leads to a rapid fluctuation in testosterone (T) between near-castrate and supraphysiologic levels and has shown promise in mCRPC. Its clinical effects may be mediated through induction of DNA damage, and preclinical studies suggest synergy in combination with the PARP inhibitor olaparib.

Methods

This is a single center phase II trial testing olaparib (300 mg PO BID) plus BAT. BAT entails intramuscular T cypionate/enanthate 400 mg every 28 days while continuing androgen deprivation to suppress endogenous T. Subjects were required to have no cancer-related pain and to have previously received abiraterone (abi) and/or enzalutamide (enza). The primary objective was to assess the PSA50 response rate (proportion with PSA decline ≥50%) following ≥12 weeks of therapy. The primary analysis was based on the entire study cohort; however, we also assessed outcomes stratified by homologous recombination repair (HRR) gene mutational status and required 50% of men enrolled to have at least one HRR gene alteration.

Results

Thirty-six patients (pts) enrolled and 6 discontinued prior to response assessment, leaving 30 response evaluable pts. Pts discontinued early for progression (n=2), nausea (n=2), stroke (n=1) and myocardial infarction (MI) (n=1). The median age was 70 yrs (range: 51-88). Thirteen pts received prior abi, 7 received prior enza and 10 received both. Fourteen (47%) pts had a PSA50 response. With a median follow up of 22.7 mos (IQR: 13.3-NR), the median progression free survival (PFS) was 12.6 mos (95% CI: 8.3-15.4). PSA50 responses were seen in 7/15 (47%) pts with and 7/15 (47%) pts without an HRR mutation. PFS in the HRR-intact group was longer than the HRR-mutated group (median PFS: 14.8 vs. 7.5 mos, P=0.015). Five pts had grade (G) ≥3 treatment-related adverse events (AE), including 1 stroke (G4) and 1 MI (G5). Following an amendment to exclude history of MI, no additional cardiovascular (CV) AEs were observed.

Conclusions

BAT plus olaparib is associated with high response rates and long PFS. Clinical benefit was observed regardless of HRR gene mutational status. Treatment was well tolerated, although caution should be taken in using this in men with a history of CV disease. Larger studies evaluating this regimen are warranted.

Clinical trial identification

NCT03516812; Release date: May 4, 2018.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

University of Washington.

Funding

AstraZeneca.

Disclosure

M. Schweizer: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Janssen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Resverlogix; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Zenith Epigenetics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: BMS; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Merck; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Immunomedics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Janssen; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Pfizer; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Madison Vaccines; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Tmunity; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Hoffman-La Roche; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Signal One Bio, Inc. H. Cheng: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: AZD; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Janssen; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Sanofi; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Medivation; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: ColorFoundation. P. Grivas: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: BMS; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Dyania Health Driver; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: EMD Serono; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Exelixis; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Foundation Medicine; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Genentech/Roche; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Genzyme; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: GSK; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Heron Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Immunomedics; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Infinity Pharmceuticals; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Janssen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Mirati Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Pfizer; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Seattle Genetics; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: QED Therapeutics, 4D Pharma PLC; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel support: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Travel support: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Equipment, materials, drugs, medical writing, gifts or other services: Kure IT Cancer Research; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Merck; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Mirati Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Pfizer; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Bavarian Nordic; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Immunomedics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Debiopharma; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: BMS; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: QED Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: GSK. P. Nelson: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Astellas; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Janssen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: BMS. E. Yu: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Bayer; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Janssen; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Merck; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Sanofi; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Abbvie; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Advanced Accelerator Applications; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Exelixis; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Daiichi-Sankyo; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Taiho; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Dendreon; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Merck; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Seattle Genetics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Blue Earth; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Bayer; Financial Interests, Institutional, Funding: Lantheus. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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