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Poster Display session 2

2569 - Phase II trial of Trametinib (T) and Panitumumab (Pmab) in RAS/RAF wild type (wt) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC)

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Topics

Tumour Site

Colon and Rectal Cancer

Presenters

Kanan Alshammari

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v198-v252. 10.1093/annonc/mdz246

Authors

K. Alshammari1, K.L. Aung1, T. Zhang2, A.R.R. Albiruni1, S. Serra2, T. Stockley3, L. Wang4, J. Nguyen1, A. Spreafico1, A.R. Hansen1, D. Zwir1, L.L. Siu1, P. Bedard1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Center, M5G 2M9 - Toronto/CA
  • 2 Pathology And Laboratory Medicine, Princess Margaret Cancer Center, M5G 2M9 - Toronto/CA
  • 3 Molecular Diagnostics Department, Toronto General Hospital, M5G 2C4 - Toronto/CA
  • 4 Biostatistics, Princess Margaret Cancer Center, M5G 2M9 - Toronto/CA

Resources

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Abstract 2569

Background

MEK inhibition may overcome resistance to EGFR inhibition alone in patients (pts) with RAS wt mCRC. We evaluated the antitumor activity of T (MEK1/2 inhibitor) with Pmab (EGFR monoclonal antibody) in a phase II trial.

Methods

Pts with KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF wt mCRC with prior 5-FU, irinotecan, oxaliplatin, +/- bevacizumab and no prior EGFR therapy were treated with T 1.5mg oral daily and Pmab 4.8mg/kg IV every 2 weeks. Primary endpoint was clinical benefit (CB; CR, PR or SD ≥ 24 weeks) by RECIST v1.1. A 2-stage minimax design (p0=0.20, p1=0.45, 1-sided alpha=0.05, power=0.85) required ≥4/13 patients with CB in stage I and ≥8/26 patients with CB by end of stage II. Response assessments were performed every 4 cycles (C). Adverse events (AEs) were assessed by CTCAE v4.03. Tumor biopsies were performed before C1 and during C2. Plasma circulating free DNA (cfDNA) collected before C1, C2, C3 and every 2 subsequent C and were profiled using the Oncomine Lung cfDNA assay.

Results

There were 13 pts enrolled from Nov2015 to Dec2018. Of 12 evaluable patients, best response was confirmed PR (n = 3), unconfirmed PR (n = 5), and SD (n = 4) (unconfirmed ORR 67%). Two patients achieved CB ≥ 24 weeks (2/10; 20%) and two patients are still on trial with PR not yet evaluable for CB. The most common treatment-related AE (trAE) was acneiform rash (85%) including 31% with grade 3. Other trAEs were diarrhea (62%), mucositis (46%), maculopapular rash (54%), and vomiting (31%). Dose modifications and interruptions of T occurred in 69% of patients and 54% of patients receiving Pmab had dose modifications. Median PFS is 4.4 months (95% CI 2.9-7.1). Of 3 pts with serial cfDNA profiling results available, none had KRAS, NRAS, or BRAF mutations detectable before treatment, and 1 patient demonstrated polyclonal KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF mutations at C5 before radiographic progression at C9.

Conclusions

The addition of T to Pmab leads to a high rate of tumor shrinkage in RAS/RAF wt mCRC. Median PFS is similar to Pmab alone in the ASPECCT trial, which may be due to a high incidence of skin toxicity with the combination that leads to dose interruption and/or reduction. Additional results from cfDNA and tumor biopsies will be presented.

Clinical trial identification

NCT02399943.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Philippe Bedard.

Funding

Conquer cancer foundation of ASCO career development (Dr P. Bedard), Canadian Cancer Research Society Institute innovation grant (Dr P. Bedard), and drug supply from GlaxoSmithKline and Novartis.

Disclosure

A.R.R. Albiruni: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Boehringer Ingelheim; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Lilly; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Research grant / Funding (institution): CASI Pharmaceuticals; Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Research grant / Funding (institution): Deciphera; Research grant / Funding (institution): Karyopharm Therapeutics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech/ Roche; Research grant / Funding (institution): Boston Biomedical; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Research grant / Funding (institution): MedImmune; Research grant / Funding (institution): Amgen; Research grant / Funding (institution): GlaxoSmithKline; Research grant / Funding (institution): Blueprint Medicines; Research grant / Funding (institution): AbbVie; Research grant / Funding (institution): Adaptimmune. A. Spreafico: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: Oncorus; Research grant / Funding (institution): Symphogen AstraZeneca / Medimmune; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bayer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Surface Oncology; Research grant / Funding (institution): Northern Biologics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Janssen Oncology/ Johnson & Johnson. A.R. Hansen: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech/ Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): GlaxoSmithKline; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Boston Biomedical; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Boehringer-Ingelheim; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Medimmune. L.L. Siu: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Celgene; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca/ MedImmune; Advisory / Consultancy: Morphosys; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: GeneSeeq; Advisory / Consultancy: Loxo; Advisory / Consultancy: Oncorus; Advisory / Consultancy: Symphogen; Advisory / Consultancy: Seattle Genetics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Research grant / Funding (institution): Boehringer Ingelheim; Research grant / Funding (institution): GlaxoSmithKline; Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech/Roche; Research grant / Funding (institution): Karyopharm; Research grant / Funding (institution): Astellas; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bayer; Research grant / Funding (institution): AbbVie. P. Bedard: Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Research grant / Funding (institution): Sanofi; Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech/Roche; Research grant / Funding (institution): SERVIER; Research grant / Funding (institution): GlaxoSmithKline; Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Research grant / Funding (institution): SignalChem; Research grant / Funding (institution): PTC Therapeutics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Nektar; Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Research grant / Funding (institution): Seattle Genetics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Mersana; Research grant / Funding (institution): Immunomedics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Lilly. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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