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Poster Display session 1

682 - EGFR Inhibitor Versus Chemotherapy as Adjuvant Treatment for Locally-advanced EGFR-mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

Tumour Site

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Presenters

Peng Xie

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v591-v601. 10.1093/annonc/mdz259

Authors

P. Xie1, W. Tang2, X. Li2, Y. Dong2, X. Sun2, J. Zhang3, J. Yu2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, 250000 - Jinan/CN
  • 2 Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, 250117 - Jinan/CN
  • 3 Oncology, Linshu People's Hospital, 276700 - Linyi/CN

Resources

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Abstract 682

Background

Cisplatin-based chemotherapy as adjuvant therapy for resected NSCLC has reached its plateau, and was limited by high risk of recurrence and significant toxicities. The clinical value of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR mutations remains controversial. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the role of EGFR inhibitors as adjuvant therapy for targeted patients.

Methods

Studies were identified via an electronic search on Pubmed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, ScienceDirect, SpringerLink, The Cochrane library and so on. Pooled odds ratio (OR) for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated for meta-analysis. Registration number: PROSPERO (CRD42018093144).

Results

There were 11 trials (1,152 resected NSCLC patients with EGFR sensitive mutations) in this meta-analysis. Results showed that adjuvant treatment with EGFR-TKIs can prolong both OS and DFS when compared to treatment without TKIs as adjuvant therapy (OS: Figure 1, OR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.46 to 0.87, P = 0.004; heterogeneity I2=61%, P = 0.008; DFS: OR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.72, P < 0.00001; heterogeneity I2=37%, P = 0.1). Results of predefined subgroup analyses in this meta-analysis suggested a greater DFS with EGFR-TKI mono compared with chemotherapy, whereas the OS benefit failed to show a similar difference between the two arms (p = 0.3). And we also find that treatment with EGFR-TKI plus chemotherapy was associated with significantly longer DFS as well as OS than chemotherapy mono in patients with completely resected EGFR-mutant NSCLC.

Conclusions

Adjuvant EGFR-TKIs may be a potential treatment option compared to adjuvant chemotherapy in completed resected patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81502667), Key Research and Development Plan of Shandong, China (Grant No. 2016GSF201167).

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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