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Poster display session

24TiP - KEYNOTE-756: A randomized, double-blind, phase III study of pembrolizumab or placebo with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant endocrine therapy for high-risk, early-stage, ER+/HER2−breast cancer

Date

23 Nov 2019

Session

Poster display session

Topics

Tumour Site

Breast Cancer

Presenters

Fatima Cardoso

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_9): ix1-ix8. 10.1093/annonc/mdz416

Authors

F. Cardoso1, A. Bardia2, F. André3, D.W. Cescon4, H. McArthur5, M. Telli6, S. Loi7, J. Cortes8, P. Schmid9, N. Harbeck10, C. Denkert11, C. Jackisch12, L. Jia13, K. Hirshfield14, V. Karantza15

Author affiliations

  • 1 Breast Unit, Champalimaud Foundation Cancer Center, 1400-038 - Lisbon/PT
  • 2 Medical Oncology, Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Harvard Med School, 02114 - Boston/US
  • 3 Breast Cancer Unit, Medical Oncology Department, Gustave Roussy - Cancer Campus, 94805 - Villejuif/FR
  • 4 Cancer Clinical Research Unit, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto/CA
  • 5 Breast Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles/US
  • 6 Medicine – Med/oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford/US
  • 7 Translational Breast Cancer Genomics Lab, Division Of Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Center, 3002 - Melbourne/AU
  • 8 Breast Cancer Program, Ramon y Cajal University Hospital, Madrid/ES
  • 9 Centre Of Experimental Cancer Medicine, Barts Cancer Institute-Queen Mary University of London, EC1M 6BQ - London/GB
  • 10 Breast Center, Ludwig Maximilians University - Grosshadern, 81377 - Munich/DE
  • 11 Institute Of Pathology, Uniklinikum Giessen und Marburg, 35043 - Marburg/DE
  • 12 Obstetrics And Gynecology, Klinikum Offenbach GmbH, 63069 - Offenbach am Main/DE
  • 13 Biostatistics, Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth/US
  • 14 Oncology Late Stage Development, Merck & Co, 07065 - Kenilworth/US
  • 15 Clinical Research Oncology, Merck & Co., Inc., 07033 - Kenilworth/US
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Resources

Abstract 24TiP

Background

A high-risk subpopulation of ER+/HER2− breast cancer (BC) is characterized by high-grade tumors, decreased sensitivity to endocrine therapy (ET), higher responsiveness to chemotherapy (CT), and worse prognosis. Prior studies suggest that increased pathological complete response (pCR) rates after neoadjuvant CT may have a substantial impact for patients with high-risk, early-stage, HR+/HER2− BC. KEYNOTE-756 (NCT03725059) is a global, randomized, double-blind, phase 3 study of pembrolizumab (vs placebo) + CT as neoadjuvant treatment followed by pembrolizumab (vs placebo) + ET as adjuvant treatment for patients with high-risk, early-stage, ER+/HER2− BC.

Trial design

Patients with T1c-2 cN1-2 (tumor size ≥2 cm) or T3-4 cN0-2 grade 3, invasive, ductal ER+/HER2− BC will be stratified by lymph node involvement (positive vs negative), tumor PD-L1 status (positive [CPS ≥1] vs negative [CPS <1]), ER positivity (ER + ≥10% vs ER + <10%), and anthracycline dosing schedule (every 3 weeks [Q3W] vs Q2W), then randomized 1:1 to neoadjuvant treatment with pembrolizumab 200 mg Q3W or placebo combined with paclitaxel (80 mg/m2 Q1W) for 4 cycles followed by doxorubicin (60 mg/m2) or epirubicin (100 mg/m2), each with cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) Q2/3W for 4 cycles. After definitive surgery (± radiation therapy, as indicated), patients will receive adjuvant treatment of pembrolizumab (200 mg Q3W) or placebo for 9 more administrations combined with ET, which can be given for up to 10 years. No crossover between treatment cohorts when moving from neoadjuvant to adjuvant treatment is allowed. Dual primary endpoints are pCR rate (ypT0/Tis ypN0) and event-free survival (EFS). Secondary endpoints include ypT0/Tis and ypT0 ypN0 pCR rates in all patients and all 3 pCR definitions in those with PD-L1+ tumors, EFS in patients with PD-L1+ tumors, overall survival, safety, and health-related quality of life. Enrollment is currently ongoing in 22 countries around the world, including Korea, Taiwan, China, and Japan.

Clinical trial identification

NCT03725059.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Merck & Co., Inc.

Funding

Funding for this study was provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA.

Disclosure

F. Cardoso: Advisory / Consultancy: Amgen; Advisory / Consultancy: Astellas/Medivation; Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy: Celgene; Advisory / Consultancy: Daiichi-Sankyo; Advisory / Consultancy: Eisai; Advisory / Consultancy: GE Oncology; Advisory / Consultancy: Genentech; Advisory / Consultancy: GlaxoSmithKline; Advisory / Consultancy: Macrogenics; Advisory / Consultancy: Medscape; Advisory / Consultancy: Merck-Sharp; Advisory / Consultancy: Merus BV; Advisory / Consultancy: Mylan; Advisory / Consultancy: Mundipharma GmbH; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Pierre-Fabre; Advisory / Consultancy: prIME Oncology; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche. A. Bardia: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (self): bioTheranostics; Advisory / Consultancy: Genentech; Advisory / Consultancy: Genentech/Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Immunomedics; Advisory / Consultancy: Innocrin Pharmaceuticals; Advisory / Consultancy: Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Radius Health; Advisory / Consultancy: Radius Pharma; Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi; Advisory / Consultancy: Spectrum Pharmaceuticals. F. André: Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Lilly; Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche. D.W. Cescon: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy: Genomic Health; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): GlaxoSmithKline; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche/Genentech. H. McArthur: Advisory / Consultancy: Celgene; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (self): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: OBI Pharma; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Spectrum Pharmaceuticals; Advisory / Consultancy: Syndax Pharmaceuticals; Advisory / Consultancy: Peregrine; Advisory / Consultancy: Calithera; Research grant / Funding (self): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Research grant / Funding (self): Eli Lilly; Research grant / Funding (self): MedImmunne; Research grant / Funding (self): LLC/AstraZeneca. M. Telli: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech; Advisory / Consultancy: Aduro; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Immunomedics; Advisory / Consultancy: Celldex; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Tesaro; Research grant / Funding (institution): OncoSec; Research grant / Funding (institution): Biothera; Research grant / Funding (institution): Vertex; Research grant / Funding (institution): Calithera; Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck Serono; Research grant / Funding (institution): PharmaMar. S. Loi: Advisory / Consultancy: AstraZeneca/MedImmune; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Roche/Genentech; Advisory / Consultancy: Seattle Genetics; Research grant / Funding (institution): Lilly; Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Research grant / Funding (institution): Puma Biotechnology. J. Cortes: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: MedSIR; Honoraria (self), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Novartis; Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (institution), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Eisai; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Celgene; Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (institution), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pfizer; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche; Honoraria (self): Samsung; Advisory / Consultancy: Cellestia Biotech; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): AstaZeneca; Advisory / Consultancy: Biothera; Advisory / Consultancy: Merus; Advisory / Consultancy: Seattle Genetics; Advisory / Consultancy: Daiichi-Sankyo; Advisory / Consultancy: ERYTECH Pharma; Advisory / Consultancy: Polyphor; Research grant / Funding (institution): ARIAD; Research grant / Funding (institution): Baxalta GmbH; Research grant / Funding (institution): Bayer; Research grant / Funding (institution): Guardant Health; Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck. P. Schmid: Full / Part-time employment: Roche; Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Honoraria (self): Bayer; Honoraria (self): Boehringer Ingelheim; Honoraria (self): Celgene; Honoraria (self): Eisai; Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech/Roche; Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Honoraria (self), Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Honoraria (self): Pfizer; Honoraria (self): Puma Biotechnology; Research grant / Funding (institution): Astellas Pharma; Research grant / Funding (institution): Medivation; Research grant / Funding (institution): Oncogenex. N. Harbeck: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Lilly; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer. C. Denkert: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Amgen; Honoraria (self): Novartis; Honoraria (self): Pfizer; Honoraria (self): Teva; Honoraria (self): Roche; Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Sividon Diagnostics; Advisory / Consultancy: Daiichi-Sankyo; Advisory / Consultancy: MSD Oncology; Licensing / Royalties, patent application—therapy response: EP20150702464; Licensing / Royalties, patent application— cancer immunotherapy: EP18209672; Licensing / Royalties, digital pathology software: VMScope. C. Jackisch: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Merck. L. Jia: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Merck. K. Hirshfield: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Merck. V. Karantza: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Merck.

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