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Poster display session

28P - Accuracy of core biopsy in predicting pathologic complete response in the breast in patients with complete/near complete clinical and radiological response (Complete Responders in the Breast – CRBr): A feasibility study

Date

23 Nov 2019

Session

Poster display session

Topics

Tumour Site

Breast Cancer

Presenters

Nisha Hariharan

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_9): ix9-ix12. 10.1093/annonc/mdz417

Authors

N. Hariharan1, T..S. Rao2, S. Rajappa3, C..C..K. Naidu1, K..V..V..N. Raju2, V. Koppula4, R. Sudhir4, S. Murthy5, S. Kodandapani5, D. Fonseca5

Author affiliations

  • 1 Breast Oncosurgery, Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital & Research Institute, 500034 - Hyderabad/IN
  • 2 Surgical Oncology Department, Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital & Research Institute, 500034 - Hyderabad/IN
  • 3 Medical Oncology, 2. Basavatkaram Indo American Cancer Hospital, 500034 - Hyderabad/IN
  • 4 Radiology, Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital & Research Institute, 500034 - Hyderabad/IN
  • 5 Pathology, Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital & Research Institute, 500034 - Hyderabad/IN
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Resources

Abstract 28P

Background

With the advent of taxanes and targeted agents in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for breast cancer, the rates of pathologic complete response (pCR) have been steadily increasing. One of the roles of surgery in these women is to serve the purpose of a biopsy to confirm or negate a pCR.

Methods

We conducted a prospective validation study. Women who had undergone a titanium clip placement followed by neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), and achieved a complete/near complete clinical and radiological response were included. Eligible women underwent an MRI of the breast followed by a US guided core biopsy (CNB) of the tumour bed. The CNB was compared with the final histopathology report after definitive surgery.

Results

65 patients were recruited in this study, of whom 75% had T1/2 tumours and 39 women had hormone negative tumours. The overall rate of pCR in the breast (BrpCR) was 42%. Among women with BrpCR, only one patient had residual disease in the axilla (macrometastasis). The mean number of CNB of the tumour bed after NACT was 4. The accuracy of CNB in predicting BrpCR was 69%, with a false negative rate (FNR) of 14.8%. In a pre-planned sub-group analysis of hormone negative tumours, the FNR was 9.5%. No untoward side effects were observed in any of the patients.

Conclusions

Ultrasound guided CNB of the tumor bed was useful in predicting BrpCR, especially in hormone negative tumours, with an FNR of 9.5%. Increasing the number of cores in the biopsy or changing the imaging modality could help in improving the accuracy of this method.

Clinical trial identification

CTRI/2018/01/011122.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Hyderabad Cancer Foundation.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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