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Poster Display session 3

3515 - Results from a randomised Phase 1/2 trial evaluating the safety and antitumour activity of anti-PD-1 (MEDI0680)/anti-PD-L1 (durvalumab) vs anti-PD-1 (nivolumab) alone in metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Presenters

Martin Voss

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v475-v532. 10.1093/annonc/mdz253

Authors

M.H. Voss1, A.A. Azad2, A.R. Hansen3, J.E. Gray4, S.J. Welsh5, I. Achour6, H. Hu7, L. Lewis7, F.L. Walcott7, S.F. Oosting8

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medicine / Gu Oncology / Non-prostate, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 10065 - New York/US
  • 2 Medical Oncology, Monash Health, 3168 - Melbourne/AU
  • 3 Hematology And Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Center, M5G 2M9 - Toronto/CA
  • 4 Thoracic Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center University of South Florida, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 5 Medical Oncology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, CB2 0QQ - Cambridge/GB
  • 6 Pharmacogenomics, AstraZeneca, 20878 - Gaithersburg/US
  • 7 Clinical Development, AstraZeneca, 20878 - Gaithersburg/US
  • 8 University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9700 RB - Groningen/NL
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Resources

Abstract 3515

Background

MEDI0680 is a humanised IgG4κ anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) mAb. We hypothesised that simultaneous blockade of PD-1:PD-L1/PD-L2 with MEDI0680 (M) and PD-1:PD-L1/CD80 with anti-PD-L1 mAb durvalumab (D) would improve efficacy vs blockade of the PD-1:PD-L1/PD-L2 pathway (with nivolumab; N) alone. M+D was well tolerated in the dose-escalation phase of a Phase I/II study in pts with advanced solid tumours, with an ORR of 33% (10/30; including 3/4 RCC pts). In the Phase II portion of the study, we compared M+D to N in a dose-expansion cohort of pretreated, immunotherapy (IO)-naïve pts with metastatic ccRCC.

Methods

Eligible pts had received 1–3 prior therapy lines, no prior IO exposure and ≥1 measurable lesion. They were randomised 2:1 (stratified by MSKCC risk group and PD-L1 expression) to M 20 mg/kg IV + D 750 mg Q2W or N 240 mg IV Q2W until unacceptable toxicity or disease progression, for ≤2 years. Endpoints included investigator-assessed ORR by RECIST v1.1 (primary endpoint), PFS and safety (secondary). Sample size was ∼60 to detect a difference of 26.0% (ie, ORR = 47.5%, assuming ORR of 21.5% for N) with 76% power at a 1-sided significance level of 0.10.

Results

By Feb 24, 2019, 63 pts were randomised. Baseline pt/disease characteristics were generally well balanced, but more pts on N had favourable MSKCC risk (7/21; 33.3%) vs M+D (10/42; 23.8%). ORR was 14.3% (6/42; 2 CR, 4 PR; plus 2 unconfirmed PR) vs 19.0% (4/21; 4 PR, 0 unconfirmed) for M+D and N, respectively. There was no difference between arms in ORR by PD-L1 expression (<1% vs ≥ 1%). All responses are ongoing. Median PFS was 3.6 months in both arms. Grade 3/4 treatment-related AEs (TRAEs) occurred in 26% on M+D (including 1 case of autoimmune encephalitis) and 19% on N. On M+D, 12% had TRAEs leading to treatment discontinuation, including colitis or diarrhoea (n = 3) and increased ALT/transaminases (n = 2), vs 5% on N (pancreatitis and increased lipase and amylase in 1 pt). There were no Grade 5 TRAEs.

Conclusions

Efficacy was similar with combined M+D and N monotherapy in pts with TKI-pretreated, IO-naïve, metastatic ccRCC, but more pts discontinued M+D due to TRAEs.

Clinical trial identification

NCT02118337.

Editorial acknowledgement

Aaron Korpal, PhD, of Cirrus Communications (Macclesfield, UK), an Ashfield company, funded by AstraZeneca.

Legal entity responsible for the study

AstraZeneca.

Funding

AstraZeneca.

Disclosure

M.H. Voss: Research grant / Funding (institution): BMS; Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech; Honoraria (self): Eisai; Honoraria (self): Exelixis; Honoraria (self): Pfizer; Honoraria (self): Novartis; Honoraria (self): Calithera; Honoraria (self): Corvus. A.A. Azad: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Janssen; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution), Non-remunerated activity/ies: Astellas; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Research grant / Funding (institution), Non-remunerated activity/ies: Merck Serono; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Tolmar; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Non-remunerated activity/ies: Amgen; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Honoraria (self): Bayer; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Telix Pharmaceuticals; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Bristol-Myers Squibb; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Sanofi. A.R. Hansen: Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech/Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): GSK; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Bristol-Myers Squibb; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis; Research grant / Funding (institution): Boston Biomedical; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Boehringer Ingelheim; Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca. J.E. Gray: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): AstraZeneca; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution): Genentech; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Celgene; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Takeda; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Janssen; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Eli Lilly; Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy: Triptych Health Partners; Research grant / Funding (institution): Array; Research grant / Funding (institution): Merck; Research grant / Funding (institution): Epic Sciences; Research grant / Funding (institution): BMS; Research grant / Funding (institution): BI; Research grant / Funding (institution): Trovagene; Research grant / Funding (institution): Loxo; Research grant / Funding (institution): Blueprint; Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis. I. Achour: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: AstraZeneca. H. Hu: Full / Part-time employment: AstraZeneca. L. Lewis: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses, Full / Part-time employment: AstraZeneca. F.L. Walcott: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: AstraZeneca. S.F. Oosting: Research grant / Funding (institution): Celldex; Research grant / Funding (institution): Novartis. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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