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Poster Display session 2

3595 - Adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly breast cancer patients: pattern of use and impact on overall survival

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Presenters

Axel Berthelot

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v55-v98. 10.1093/annonc/mdz240

Authors

A. Berthelot1, A. De Nonneville1, J. Classe2, M. Cohen3, F. Reyal4, C. Mazouni5, M.P. Chauvet6, A. Martinez7, N. Chopin8, E. Daraï9, C. Coutant10, R. Rouzier11, A. Azuar12, P. Guimbergues13, C. Tunon De Lara14, R. Villet15, M. Bannier3, A. Gonçalves1, G. Houvenaeghel3

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, Institute Paoli Calmettes, 13274 - Marseille/FR
  • 2 Surgical Oncology, ICO Institut de Cancerologie de l'Ouest René Gauducheau, 44805 - Saint-Herblain/FR
  • 3 Surgical Oncology, Institute Paoli Calmettes, 13274 - Marseille/FR
  • 4 Surgical Oncology, Institut Curie, Paris/FR
  • 5 Surgical Oncology, Gustave-Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif/FR
  • 6 Surgical Oncology, Institute Oscar Lambret, Lille/FR
  • 7 Surgical Oncology, IUCT Oncopole, Toulouse/FR
  • 8 Surgical Oncology, Centre Léon Berard, Lyon/FR
  • 9 Surgical Oncology, Hopital Tenon, Paris/FR
  • 10 Surgical Oncology, Centre Georges-François Leclerc (Dijon), 21000 - Dijon/FR
  • 11 Surgery, Institut Curie, 75248 cedex5 - Paris/FR
  • 12 Surgical Oncology, CH de Grasse, Grasse/FR
  • 13 Surgical Oncology, Institute Jean Perrin, Clermont-Ferrand/FR
  • 14 Surgical Oncology, Institute Bergonie, Bordeaux/FR
  • 15 Surgical Oncology, Hopital Diaconesses, Paris/FR
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Resources

Abstract 3595

Background

Elderly breast cancer (BC) patients have been underrepresented in clinical trials whereas ∼60% of deaths from BC occur in women aged 65 years and older. The management of elderly women with early BC requires careful evaluation of risks and benefits of available treatment options. Clinical trials for elderly patients in the adjuvant setting are lacking, and efficacy results obtained in general population cannot be directly extrapolated to elderly patients without specific evidences. Therefore, we examined factors associated with the prescription of adjuvant chemotherapy (aCT) and the impact of this treatment on overall survival (OS) in a large cohort of patients aged 65 years and older.

Methods

Patients were retrospectively identified from a large cohort of 23,134 early BC patients who underwent primary surgery in 18 academic centres between 1990 and 2014. A binary logistic regression was built to identify the factors associated with aCT administration. The impact of aCT on OS was analysed using a multivariate Cox regression model including age, histology, grade, tumour size, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), nodal status and endocrine therapy (ET) and endocrine receptors (ER). A propensity score-based matching analysis was performed.

Results

Of 6605 patients aged 65 years and older, 1493 received aCT (22.6%). Administration of aCT was predominantly associated with macroscopic lymph node involvement (LNi) and ER-negative status but common predictors, such as age < 80 years, ductal histology, tumour size ≥ 20mm, ET and tumour grade were also found as statistically significant. In a Cox model including age, histology, LVI, tumour size, LNi, ET, ER and grade, aCT was significantly associated with better OS (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.86; p < 0.001). Ten-year OS estimates in case-matched patients for propensity score analysis were 76.8% (95% CI 76.6 to 77.1) in the aCT group vs. 61.5% (95% CI 61.3 to 61.7) without aCT (p < 0.0001). Interestingly, this benefit was maintained in the over-80s subgroup.

Conclusions

The factors associated with aCT use in the elderly are similar to those usually found in younger age groups. By highlighting an OS benefit, even in the “very old” subgroup, our results may help clarifying the role of aCT in elderly patients.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Houvenaeghel Gilles.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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