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A comprehensive Pan-cancer study of FGFR Aberrations in Chinese cancer patients

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Presenters

Yang Gao

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v25-v54. 10.1093/annonc/mdz239

Authors

Y. Gao1, W. zhu2, Q. he2, Y. liu1, X. chen3, D. xiao2, H. Han-Zhang4, J. lin4

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Thoracic Surgery, Xiang Ya Hospital Central South University, Hunan - Changsha/CN
  • 2 Department Of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, Hunan - Changsha/CN
  • 3 Department Of Thoracic Surgery, Hainan General Hospital, Hainan - Haikou/CN
  • 4 Medicine, Burning Rock Biotech, Guangdong - Guangzhou/CN
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Background

Aberrations in fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFR) are common in multiple cancers, making them highly promising therapeutic targets. Optimal application of FGFR inhibitors requires a comprehensive understanding of the prevalence and types of FGFR mutations, which may vary significantly among ethnicities. Such analysis has not been conducted in Chinese pan-cancer. This study investigated the prevalence and the distribution of FGFR aberrations in Chinese cancer patients.

Methods

We screened genomic profiling results of plasma or tissue samples from 10,582 patients spanning 16 cancer types: lung, breast, gastric, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, soft tissue sarcoma, esophageal, ovarian, colorectal, head and neck, renal, endometrial, osteogenic sarcoma, cervical, melanoma and lymphoma.

Results

Of the 10,582 patients screened, we observed 745 patients with FGFR aberrations, revealing an overall prevalence of 7.03%. Approximately, 3.78% harbored FGFR amplification, 2.73% had other mutations and 0.53% had fusions. A majority (56.78%) of patients had FGFR1 aberrations, followed by 17.72%, 14.43% and 2.82% with FGFR3, FGFR2 and FGFR4 aberrations, respectively. Furthermore, 8.46% of patients with aberrations in more than 1 FGFR gene. The most common type of aberrations was amplification (53.69%), followed by other mutations (38.79%) and fusions (5.64%). Concurrent FGFR fusion and amplification occurred in 1.88% patients. Of the 16 cancer types, except for head and neck cancer, osteogenic sarcoma, renal carcinoma, and lymphoma, all other cancer types had FGFR aberrations detected with colorectal cancer (31.03%) having the highest prevalence. Other relatively commonly affected cancers included: gastric cancer (16.78%), breast cancer (14.27%) and esophageal cancer (12.68%). FGFR1 amplification was the most common genetic alteration in CRC, breast cancer and lung cancer. FGFR2 amplification was more commonly seen in gastric cancer. Of the patients with FGFR aberrations, 57 patients, spanning 9 cancer types, had fusions. Among them, breast cancer patients are more likely to have concurrent FGFR amplification than other cancer types (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Our study provides a comprehensive view of FGFR aberrations in Chinese cancer patients.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Yang Gao.

Funding

Key Research and Development Program of Hunan province (2016JC2039).

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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