Presence of circulating tumor DNA in surgically resected renal cell carcinoma is associated with advanced disease and poor patient prognosis

Date 30 September 2019
Event ESMO 2019 Congress
Session Poster Display session 3
Topics Renal Cell Cancer
Translational Research
Presenter Andres Correa
Citation Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v25-v54. 10.1093/annonc/mdz239
Authors A. Correa1, D.C. Connolly2, M. Balcioglu3, H. Wu3, S. Dashner3, S. Shchegrova3, E. Kalashnikova4, H. Pawar3, R.G. Uzzo5, Y. Gong6, D. Kister5, M. Collins5, M. Donovan5, R. Winters7, A. Aleshin4, H. Sethi3, R. Salari3, M. Louie4, B. Zimmermann3, P. Abbosh8
  • 1Department Of Urology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 19111 - Philadelphia/US
  • 2Biosample Repository Facility, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 19111 - Philadelphia/US
  • 3R&d, Natera, Inc., 94070 - San Carlos/US
  • 4Oncology, Natera, Inc., 94070 - San Carlos/US
  • 5Department Of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 19111 - Philadelphia/US
  • 6Department Of Pathology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 19111 - Philadelphia/US
  • 7Biosample Repository, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 19111 - Philadelphia/US
  • 8Kidney, Bladder, And Prostate Cancer Trdg Member, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 19111 - Philadelphia/US

Abstract

Background

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising, non-invasive biomarker for preclinical detection and monitoring of various cancers. The utility of ctDNA assessment in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in not well established. Here, we evaluate the potential of a bespoke, multiplex PCR, whole exome sequencing (WES)-based approach for ctDNA detection.

Methods

The cohort consisted of 42 patients with stage Ib-IV RCC who underwent complete surgical resection. ctDNA was measured in plasma samples drawn pre-surgery (n = 34; baseline) and at post-operative time points (n = 41) using the bespoke assay targeting patient-specific tumor variants.

Results

A median of 11.7 ng (1.4-175 ng) of cfDNA was extracted from a median plasma volume of 3.2 mL (1.2-3.8 mL). ctDNA was detected with a mean mutant molecules/mL of 5.3 (0.22-62). Baseline ctDNA was detected in 41% (14/34) of patients. Presence of ctDNA was significantly associated with increased tumor size (mean 9.7 vs 7.1cm, p < 0.05), advanced tumor stage (stage III-IV vs I-II, p < 0.05) and poorly differentiated tumors (grade III-IV vs II, p < 0.0001). In the postoperative setting, 8/8 ctDNA-positive patients relapsed (positive predictive value (PPV=100%), while 16/33 ctDNA-negative patients relapsed (NPV=52%). Positive ctDNA status was associated with reduced relapse-free survival at post-surgical timepoints (HR: 2.8; 95% CI:1.2-6.6). None of the post-surgical samples from a control cohort of 17 non-relapsing patients were ctDNA-positive (specificity of 100%; median follow up of 64 months).

Conclusions

Presence of presurgical ctDNA strongly correlates with advanced stage RCC. Despite low plasma volumes, the bespoke assay detected ctDNA in 41% of baseline samples. Postoperative ctDNA presence is correlated with clinical relapse. However, absence of ctDNA does not preclude recurrence as RCC is known to shed limited amounts of ctDNA. Higher sample volumes and multiregion tumor biopsies could enhance detection rates. This personalized approach has the potential to be used for ctDNA-based detection of relapse in patients with advanced stage RCC.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Natera, Inc.; Fox Chase Cancer Center.

Funding

Natera, Inc.; Fox Chase Cancer Center.

Disclosure

M. Balcioglu: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. H. Wu: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. S. Dashner: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. S. Shchegrova: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. E. Kalashnikova: Full / Part-time employment: Natera, Inc. H. Pawar: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. R.G. Uzzo: Advisory / Consultancy: Janssen; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: Argos. A. Aleshin: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. H. Sethi: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. R. Salari: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. M. Louie: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. B. Zimmermann: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, I am an employee of Natera and own stock/options to stock.: Natera, Inc. P. Abbosh: Advisory / Consultancy, Advisory: Janssen; Advisory / Consultancy, Advisory: AstraZeneca. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.