Molecular profiling reveals novel targetable biomarkers in neuroendocrine carcinoma of the uterine cervix

Date 29 September 2019
Event ESMO 2019 Congress
Session Poster Display session 2
Topics Cervical Cancer
Presenter Semir Vranic
Citation Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v403-v434. 10.1093/annonc/mdz250
Authors S. Vranic1, D. Arguello2, E. Contreras2, A. Cimic3, Z. Gatalica4
  • 1College Of Medicine, Qatar University, 2713 - Doha/QA
  • 2Pathology, Caris Life Sciences, 85040 - Phoenix/US
  • 3Pathology, Maimonides Medical Center, 4802 - New York/US
  • 4Pathology, Caris Life Sciences, 85040 - New York/US

Abstract

Background

Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the uterine cervix (NEC) is a rare cervical malignancy, accounting for 0.9% of all cervical carcinomas. Cervical NEC is a high-grade cancer with an aggressive clinical course and poor outcome. Given that no target therapy has been approved yet for NEC, we explored novel targetable biomarkers in a large cohort of NEC of the cervix.

Methods

Sixty-two NEC of the cervix were profiled for biomarkers of targeted therapy including antibody-drug conjugates (DLL3, TROP-2, and FOLR1), tropomyosin receptor kinases (NTRK1/2/3 gene fusions), and immune checkpoint inhibitors (PD-L1, TMB, and MSI) using immunohistochemistry and DNA/RNA next-generation sequencing assays.

Results

The study included 36 primary and 26 metastatic cervical NEC. The mean patient’s age was 43.6 years (range, 24-82 years). DLL3 expression was observed in 81% of the cases with 49% of cases expressing diffusely (≥50% of positive cancer cells) DLL3 protein. DLL3 expression was inversely correlated with commonly observed mutations: PIK3CA (7/47) (p = 0.018) and PTEN mutations (5/40) (p = 0.006). Other frequently seen mutations (TP53 17%, KRAS 11% and CTTNB1 5%) were not associated with DLL3 expression. PD-L1 expression, high TMB and MSI-H were seen in single cases. Although NTRK protein expression was observed in 21% of the cases, none of these had confirmatory NTRK gene fusions. TROP-2 and FOLR1 were negative in all tested cases.

Conclusions

DLL3 protein and PIK3CA/PTEN pathway genes may be potential therapeutic targets for a substantial proportion of the patients NEC of the cervix. Based on I-O biomarkers status, the patients with cervical NEC are less likely to benefit from immune checkpoint inhibitors.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

D. Arguello: Full / Part-time employment: Caris Life Sciences. E. Contreras: Full / Part-time employment: Caris Life Sciences. Z. Gatalica: Full / Part-time employment: Caris Life Sciences. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.