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Poster Display session 3

1066 - The stomized, chemo and radiotreated patient vs untreated patient: complications and comparison with data literature

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Presenters

Cristoforo Ferrero

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v846-v850. 10.1093/annonc/mdz277

Authors

C. Ferrero, M. Ciceri, B. Grasso, T. Marcarino, C. Ortega

Author affiliations

  • Medical Oncology, Ospedale Civico San Lazzaro di Alba, 12051 - Alba/IT

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Abstract 1066

Background

Ostomy patients (pts) can develop some complications treated by nurse enterostomista, such as skin alterations and early or late complications. Stomal complications have a varying incidence (from 25 to 35%). Neoplastic ostomy pts often undergo chemo (CT) and/or radiation therapy (RT), also in association, and they can show stomal lesions or complications with an important impact on their daily life. Stomal side effects induced by CT-RT represent an important problem for pts, who need for a competent and organized support in order to be able to cope with them. In the literature, few studies report the care and assistance to the stomized pts.The aim of this study was to detect precociously stomal complications in order to treat them early, improving pts quality of life, and to demonstrate that these complications are more frequent in pts treated with CT and/or RT.

Methods

From 11.2017 to 5.2018 60 cancer ostomy pts were surgically treated for different types of cancers at our institution. 29 out 60 have been also treated with CT and/or RT at Medical Oncology Dept. 73% were male and 27% female. We evaluated stomal complications and classified them according to SACS scale. Our aim was to demonstrate a higher percentage of stomal complications in pts CT and/or RT treated vs untreated pts.

Results

At a median follow-up of 4 months, 29 out 60 ostomy pts were treated with CT, 2 with CT-RT, the remaining 29 underwent follow-up. 15 out 29 pts (51%) treated with CT and/or RT showed stomal complications: 14 with SACS - L1 skin alterations (redness without loss of substance) and 1 with SACS-L2 lesion (with loss of substance). Patients undergoing follow-up didn’t have any stomal complications.

Conclusions

Despite the recognized limitations of our study (small sample size and short median follow-up) we can conclude that there is an increase of complications in ostomy pts treated with CT and/or RT vs untreated pts and that this problem occurs in over half of population.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Cristoforo Ferrero.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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