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Poster Display session 3

1782 - The molecular mechanisms of EpCAM in regulating tumor progression and development of anti-EpCAM antibodies for colon cancer diagnosis and therapy

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Translational Research

Tumour Site

Presenters

Han-chung Wu

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v760-v796. 10.1093/annonc/mdz268

Authors

H. Wu1, K.-. Liang1, H.-. Hsieh2, W.-. Li3

Author affiliations

  • 1 Institute Of Cellular And Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, 115 - Taipei/TW
  • 2 Biotechnology And Pharmaceutical Research, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan/TW
  • 3 Institute Of Chemistry, Academia Sinica, 115 - Taipei/TW

Resources

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Abstract 1782

Background

EpCAM is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein with an extracellular domain (EpEX) and an intracellular domain (EpICD), which have 265 and 26 amino acid residues, respectively. EpCAM is highly expressed in advanced epithelial cancers and tumor-initiating cells, but its role in cancer progression remains to be elucidated.

Methods

To identify cell signaling pathways that are stimulated by EpEX, we used a Human Phospho-RTK Array Kit to screen for phosphorylation of RTKs. Inhibition of EpEX-induced EGFR-PI3K-AKT signaling was analyzed by small molecule inhibitors or shRNA knockdown.

Results

Here, we found that EpEX activated AKT signaling, thereby inducing the phosphorylation and nuclear exclusion of FOXO3a. The EGFR inhibitor, AG1478, and MEK inhibitor, U0126, both decreased the production of EpICD, which was found to be necessary for nuclear accumulation of β-catenin protein and expression of HIF1α target genes in vitro and in mouse xenograft models. We also demonstrated that treatment with an anti-EpCAM neutralizing antibody, EpAb2-6, decreased the ADAM17 and γ-secretase activity, the EpCAM-downstream gene expression, and tumor colony and sphere formation. We also found that EpAb2-6 inhibited EpEX-activated EGFR-PI3K-AKT signaling and induced apoptotic signaling through FOXO3a activation of HTRA2 gene expression. Importantly, we also showed that EpAb2-6 inhibited the nuclear translocation of EpICD and oncogenic signaling through β-catenin. Finally, in both metastatic and orthotopic animal models of colorectal cancer, EpAb2-6 therapy exhibited an antitumor effect and markedly extended the survival time of mice.

Conclusions

Our results demonstrate that EpEX contributes to malignancy by functioning as a growth factor, which activates EpICD-mediated signaling, thereby enhancing colon cancer cell survival. To the best of our knowledge, hEpAb2-6 is the first humanized anti-EpCAM antibody to directly trigger apoptosis in cancer cells. Thus, we provide novel insight into EpEX-EGFR signaling, which can be considered as a promising target for treatment of colon cancer.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Academia Sinica.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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