Previous studies reveal that key oncogenic pathways are shared across various human cancer types, and molecularly targeted therapies show clinical efficacy, influenced by predictive biomarkers rather than by tumor histologic types. These results raised the concept of biomarker-driven therapy that enables personalized cancer treatment regardless of tumor location and origin. We hereby introduce the designs and goals of the K-BASKET trial (Korea-biomarker-driven multi-arm drug-screening, knowledge and evidence-generating targeted trial), enabling to match the right drug to right target like NCI-MATCH trial.
This is a proof-of-concept phase II multiple basket trial to test the clinical significance of matched targeted therapies with comprehensive biomarker profiling. The patients with refractory metastatic or unresectable cancer of various origins will be screened for molecular biomarkers by next-generation sequencing, immunohistochemical staining, and in situ hybridization. Those who have cancer with druggable biomarkers will be treated with matched targeted agents. Three treatment arms for the second step are the followings; 1) Patients with MET amplification or exon 14 skipping MET mutation will be assigned to the TAS-115 arm, a novel multikinase inhibitor. 2) Patients with activating PIK3CA or AKT mutations will be assigned to the TAS-117 arm, a novel selective AKT inhibitor. 3) The remaining patients will be screened for PD-L1/MSI/EBV status and those with positive PD-L1/MSI/EBV results or PolD/PolE mutations will be treated with PD-L1 monoclonal antibody. The clinical efficacy and safety of the targeted therapy, as well as the feasibility of molecular profiling and drug matching, will be tested. This study is particularly relevant because: 1) it will identify new indications and predictive biomarkers of targeted therapies in common cancer types in Asian; 2) it is one of the earliest basket trials in tumor immunotherapy and molecular profiling. We anticipate that this trial will provide valuable information on biomarker-driven therapy in clinical practices of personalized treatment.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
National R&D Program for Cancer Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (HA16C0018).
All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.