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Poster Display session 3

2254 - The Effects Of Primary Testicular Tumor Localization On Prognosis In Patients With Nonseminomatous Testis Cancer

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Tumour Site

Genitourinary Cancers

Presenters

Birol Yildiz

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v356-v402. 10.1093/annonc/mdz249

Authors

B. Yildiz1, E. ESIN2, B.B. BASGOZ3, I. ERTURK4, R. ACAR4, N. Karadurmuş5

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, 06820 - ANKARA/TR
  • 2 Medical Oncology, ANKARA DR.A.Y. ONCOLOGY HOSPITAL, ANKARA/TR
  • 3 Internal Medicine, Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, ANKARA/TR
  • 4 Medical Oncology, Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, ANKARA/TR
  • 5 Medical Oncology, Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, 06820 - Ankara/TR

Resources

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Abstract 2254

Background

5-year survival with platinum-based combination chemotherapies in testicular cancer is 95%. Existing prognostic scoring scales may be insufficient to predict which patient will benefit from treatment. Additional prognostic factors should be determined. Unlike left testicular vein, right testicular vein drains to vena cava. Therefore, the systemic spread of the testicular cancers of each side considered to be different due to the difference of vascular structures of the right and left testis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of tumor localization on survival in patients with nonseminomatous testicular cancer.

Methods

We enrolled 321 non-seminomatous testicular cancer patients who followed up at Gulhane Research and Training Hospital in between January 1981, and December 2015. We retrospectively obtained data of demographic features, histopathological results, information of surgical operations and chemo-radiotherapy protocols, history of autologous stem cell transplantation from patients’ files.

Results

We enrolled 321 non-seminomatous testicular carcinoma patients and summarized demographic information and treatment methods in the table. Median age was 34 (18-77) years. The primary tumor was in left testis in 152 (47.2%) patients and in right testis in 170 (52.8%) patients. The most common histopathological diagnosis was mixed non-seminomatous germ cell tumor (39.4%). One hundred forty-six (44.3%) cases were metastatic at the time of diagnosis. Median follow-up period was 88.3 months (1-386). Median 10-year survival rate was 74.1%, and the 20-year survival rate was 70.7%. We examined the effect of primary tumor localization and found that primary tumor localization was significantly different regarding survival between left and right testis (337.6 months vs. NR, p = 0.001). In patients with a right testicular tumor the recurrence rate was significantly higher (84.7% vs. 68.2%; p = 0.002).

Conclusions

The localization of primary testicular tumor (left or right) was statistically significant regarding survival. The effect of tumor localization on survival was independent of the presence of metastasis at the time of diagnosis, histopathological type, site of metastasis, and disease stage.

Clinical trial identification

.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Gulhane Education and Research Hospital.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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