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Poster Display session 1

4227 - The clearance of EGF by tumor-associated macrophages is suppressed by chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

Pathology/Molecular Biology

Tumour Site

Presenters

Irina Larionova

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v797-v815. 10.1093/annonc/mdz269

Authors

I.V. Larionova1, T. Liu2, V. Riabov2, D.M. Mossel2, M.R. Patysheva3, A.M. Kiselev4, E.O. Kazakova1, N.V. Cherdyntseva3, J. Kzhyshkowska2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Laboratory Of Translational Cellular And Molecular Biomedicine, National Research Tomsk State University, 634050 - Tomsk/RU
  • 2 Institute Of Transfusion Medicine And Immunology, University of Heidelberg, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Mannheim/DE
  • 3 Cancer Research Institute, Tomsk National Research Medical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk/RU
  • 4 Molecular Biology And Genetics, Almazov National Medical Research Centre, 197341 - St. Petersburg/RU

Resources

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Abstract 4227

Background

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are a major component of innate immunity supporting primary tumor growth and metastasis. Chemotherapy is one of the main treatment strategies for solid tumors, while chemoresistance is the major limitation of the chemotherapy for patients with various types of cancer. A number of evidence indicate that TAMs can accumulate in tumors after chemotherapy and contribute to chemoresistance.

Methods

For the endocytic uptake of EGF we used flow cytometry analysis. Confocal microscopy was used for the analysis of stabilin-1-mediated internalization and endocytic trafficking of EGF in CHO cells and in modeled TAMs differentiated in the presence of conditioned supernatants of breast cancer (MCF-7) and colorectal cancer (Colo206F) cell lines. We performed next-generation sequencing of RNA samples obtained from our modeled TAMs. Validation of sequencing data by real-time PCR was performed for selected genes implicated in the endocytic uptake: DNM3, STX8, DENND1A and EHD1.

Results

For the first time we demonstrated that stabilin-1 ectopically expressed in CHO cells mediates endocytic uptake of EGF, key growth factor stimulating progression of breast and colorectal cancer. In the model of primary human TAMs, we have demonstrated that cisplatin decreases stabilin-1-mediated internalization and endocytic trafficking of EGF, without affecting gene expression of scavenger receptor stabilin-1. Molecular mechanisms of cisplatin effect on TAMs were uncovered using high throughput RNA sequencing. Gene set enrichment analysis identified that cisplatin contributes to defects in endocyting machinery reducing membrane biogenesis and vesicular transport. Significant suppression of DNM3, STX8, DENND1A and EHD1 genes expression by cisplatin was confirmed by RT-PCR.

Conclusions

We suggested that suppression of receptor-mediated clearance of tumor-supportive factors, such as EGF, by chemotherapeutic drugs may potentially lead to the tumor progression and/or relapse as a mechanism of macrophage-mediated chemoresistance. This study was supported by grand RSF №19-15-00151.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

National Research Tomsk State University.

Funding

RSF N19-15-00151.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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