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Poster Display session 3

5827 - Targeting ARG2 as a novel therapeutic approach for cancer

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Translational Research

Tumour Site

Presenters

Marcin Grzybowski

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v760-v796. 10.1093/annonc/mdz268

Authors

M.M. Grzybowski, J. Pęczkowicz-Szyszka, P. Wolska, P.S. Stańczak, M. Welzer, E. Nikolaev, A.M. Siwińska, R. Błaszczyk, B. Borek, M. Dzięgielewski, A. Gzik, J. Nowicka, J. Brzezińska, K. Jędrzejczak, J. Chrzanowski, A. Gołębiowski, J. Olczak, K. Dzwonek, P. Dobrzański

Author affiliations

  • Department Of Biology, OncoArendi Therapeutics SA, 02-089 - Warsaw/PL

Resources

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Abstract 5827

Background

Immunotherapies are considered the most promising therapeutic approach for cancer and the immunosuppressive activity of ARG1 has been recognized as an important mechanism of the tumor immune evasion. This prompted the development of arginase inhibitors, which in preclinical models, enhanced antitumor immunity as a monotherapy and in combination with other immune checkpoint inhibitors. On the other hand, ARG2, but not ARG1, is highly expressed in neoplastic cells in many tumors and its expression is correlated with malignant phenotype. Preclinical studies confirmed that ARG2 promotes the proliferation of cancer cells and the growth of tumor xenografts independently of its immunosuppressive activity. Generation of polyamines to facilitate the growth of hypoxic and nutrient-deprived tumors, as well as specific metabolic adaptations including increased reliance on protein catabolism are the major mechanisms underlying the tumorigenic activity of ARG2. Hence, the tumor cell intrinsic activity of ARG2 represents an attractive intracellular target for novel therapies with arginase inhibitors.

Methods

The compound activity was determined using human ARG1 and ARG2, and in CHO-K cells expressing ARG1 and ARG2. ARG1 and ARG2 expression in cancer cell lines and dissected tumors was assessed by WB and qPCR. CellTiter-Glo was used to assess the antiproliferative activity of the compound. In vivo antitumor activity was evaluated in murine CT26 (syngeneic) and human K562 (xenograft) subcutaneous mouse models.

Results

The expression of the endogenous ARG2 was confirmed in multiple human cancer cell lines and xenografts. We developed a highly potent dual ARG1 and ARG2 inhibitor, OATD-02, with a good cellular activity. We demonstrated that OATD-02 inhibited proliferation of multiple human cancer cell lines expressing ARG2 and suppressed the growth of human xenografts. OATD-02 also strongly inhibited the growth of the syngeneic CT26 tumors.

Conclusions

OATD-02, a potent ARG1 and ARG2 inhibitor, exerts its antitumor efficacy not only by the reactivation of the immune response but also by directly suppressing the ARG2-dependent proliferation of cancerous cells. Thus, OATD-02 is a very promising compound for the treatment of hypoxic tumors which are particularly resistant to therapies.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

OncoArendi Therapeutics SA.

Funding

National Centre for Research and Development in Poland.

Disclosure

M.M. Grzybowski: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. J. Pęczkowicz-Szyszka: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. P. Wolska: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. P.S. Stańczak: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. M. Welzer: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. E. Nikolaev: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. A.M. Siwińska: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. R. Błaszczyk: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. B. Borek: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. M. Dzięgielewski: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. A. Gzik: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. J. Nowicka: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. J. Brzezińska: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. K. Jędrzejczak: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. J. Chrzanowski: Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. A. Gołębiowski: Leadership role, Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. J. Olczak: Leadership role, Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. P. Dobrzański: Leadership role, Full / Part-time employment: OncoArendi Therapeutics SA. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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