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Poster Display session 1

5823 - Pulmonary tumor-draining vein exosomal lincRNA-p21 levels impacts non-small cell lung cancer prognosis

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

Tumour Site

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Presenters

Joan Castellano

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v585-v590. 10.1093/annonc/mdz258

Authors

J.J. Castellano1, A. Navarro1, L. Molins2, J. Canals1, R. Marrades3, N. Viñolas4, J. Moises3, M. Casadevall1, Y. Li1, B. Han1, D. Martinez4, J. Martin1, A. Garisoain1, C. Muñoz1, J. Ramirez5, M. Monzo1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Human Anatomy, Univeristy of Barcelona, School of Medicine, 08028 - Barcelona/ES
  • 2 Thoracic Surgery, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, 08036 - Barcelona/ES
  • 3 Pneumology, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, 08036 - Barcelona/ES
  • 4 Dept. Medical Oncology, Hospital Clinic y Provincial de Barcelona, 08036 - Barcelona/ES
  • 5 Pathology, Hospital Clinic y Provincial de Barcelona, 08036 - Barcelona/ES

Resources

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Abstract 5823

Background

In resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) considerable recurrence rates has been reported (30%). Tumor secretes small extracellular vesicles known as exosomes, which plays a role in the metastasis process. Pulmonary tumor-draining vein blood has proved to be better source than peripheral vein to analyze the prognosis impact of exosomes (Navarro A, et al. Cancers 2019). LincRNA-p21 is a long non-coding RNA which upregulation in tumor tissue induced by hypoxia was related to poor prognosis in NSCLC (Castellano JJ. et al. JTO 2016). We aimed to evaluate the presence of lincRNA-p21 in exosomes and its potential as prognosis biomarker in resected NSCLC patients.

Methods

H23 and H1299 NSCLC cell lines were cultured in exosome-free medium 48h under normoxic/hypoxic conditions. LincRNA-p21 was inhibited using a siRNA and quantified using a TaqMan assay. Exosomes were purified by ultracentrifugation and characterized by electron microscopy, western blot and Nanosight. LincRNA-p21 was analyzed in exosomes from pulmonary tumor-draining vein, obtained during surgery, from 54 NSCLC patients.

Results

LincRNA-p21 was present in exosomes showing 18 times more representation than in their origin cells. Under hypoxic conditions exosomal lincRNA-p21 was upregulated in both cell lines (p < 0.05). Cellular lincRNA-p21 silencing resulted in a reduction in exosomal lincRNA-p21 (p = 0.04) indicating a relation between cellular and exosomal levels. The analysis in patient samples showed that lincRNA-p21 was present in patient exosomes obtained from tumor-draining vein. The survival analysis showed that high exosomal lincRNA-p21 levels were associated with shorter time to relapse (TTR) (37 vs 56 months; p = 0.03) and shorter overall survival (OS) (46 vs 66 months; p = 0.04). In the multivariate analysis exosomal lincRNA-p21 emerged as an independent prognostic marker for TTR (HR: 3.1; 95%CI: 1.02-9.4; p = 0.04) and OS (HR: 5.3; 95%CI: 1.6-17.2; p = 0.006) together with disease stage.

Conclusions

Tumor exosomes carry LincRNA-p21, which increases under hypoxia, and its analysis in tumor-draining vein arises as a promising prognosis marker.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

SAF2017-88606-P (AEI/FEDER, UE).

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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