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Poster Display session 1

4407 - Phase 0 Trial of Ceritinib in Brain Metastases and Recurrent Glioblastoma

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

Tumour Site

Central Nervous System Malignancies

Presenters

Shwetal Mehta

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v143-v158. 10.1093/annonc/mdz243

Authors

S. Mehta1, R. Fiorelli1, J. Li2, X. Bao2, A. DeRogatis1, C. Pennington-Krygier1, S. Kim3, N. Sanai1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Ivy Brain Tumor Center, Barrow Neurological Institute, 85013 - Phoenix/US
  • 2 Pharmacology Core, Karmanos Cancer Institute, 48201 - Detroit/US
  • 3 Cancer Biology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, 48201 - Detroit/US

Resources

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Abstract 4407

Background

Ceritinib is an orally bioavailable, small molecule inhibitor for ALK/IGFR1/FAK, which are highly expressed in glioblastoma and brain metastases. Preclinical and clinical data suggest that ceritinib has activity in central nervous system (CNS) malignancies, but to date there is no direct evidence in patients. This study assessed the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of ceritinib in recurrent glioblastoma and brain metastasis patients.

Methods

Three brain metastasis and 7 glioblastoma patients with high expression of pSTAT5b/pFAK/pIGFR1 were enrolled and treated with oral ceritinib daily (750 mg) for 10 days prior to tumor resection. Plasma, tumor, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected at ∼ 4 and 24 h following the last dose. Total and unbound drug concentrations were determined using LC-MS/MS. PD response was assessed by immunohistochemical analysis of pALK, pFAK, pIGFR1, and pIRS1 staining in treated tumor and matched archival tissues.

Results

Ceritinib was highly bound to human plasma protein (median fraction unbound (Fu), 1.4%) and to brain tumor tissue (median Fu, 0.073% and 0.14% in enhancing and non-enhancing regions respectively). There was a large interindividual variability in drug CNS penetration, with the median unbound concentrations in enhancing, non-enhancing, and CSF of 0.040, 0.006, and 0.012 µM, respectively. The median unbound tumor-to-plasma ratio was 2.44 and 0.33 in enhancing and non-enhancing areas, respectively. In one patient with brain metastasis, drug binding to enhancing tumor was significantly lower (Fu, 1.62%), resulting in a higher unbound drug tumor concentration and CSF concentration as compared to those in glioblastoma patients. In all patients, no changes in PD markers were detected.

Conclusions

Ceritinib is highly bound to plasma proteins and tumor tissues. Unbound drug concentrations achieved in brain metastasis and glioblastoma are unlikely sufficient for target modulation.

Clinical trial identification

NCT02605746.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

The Ben and Catherine Ivy Foundation.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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