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Poster Display session 1

3368 - Pembrolizumab as first-line treatment in NSCLC with PD-L1 ≥50%: Real life results from an all-comer population

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

Tumour Site

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Presenters

Nikolaj Frost

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v602-v660. 10.1093/annonc/mdz260

Authors

N. Frost1, J. Kollmeier2, D. Pultermann1, A. Tessmer3, A. Schmittel4, B. Schmidt5, C. Grah6, M. de Wit7, D. Misch2, T. Blum2, N. Suttorp1, C. Grohe3

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Infectious Diseases And Pulmonary Medicine, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, 13353 - Berlin/DE
  • 2 Lungenklinik Heckeshorn, Helios Klinikum Emil von Behring, Berlin/DE
  • 3 Klinik Für Pneumologie, Evangelische Lungenklinik ELK Berlin Chest Hospital, 13125 - Berlin/DE
  • 4 Private Practice For Oncology, Onkologie Seestrasse, Berlin/DE
  • 5 Department Of Pneumology, DRK Kliniken Berlin, 13359 - Berlin/DE
  • 6 Department Of Respiratory Medicine, Gemeinschaftskrankenhaus Havelhöhe, Berlin/DE
  • 7 Department Of Internal Medicine, Hematology And Oncology, Vivantes Klinikum Neukölln, 12351 - Berlin/DE

Resources

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Abstract 3368

Background

First-line therapy with pembrolizumab is the standard of care in locally advanced and metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a PD-L1 expression of ≥ 50%. However, efficacy results in patients with a PS ≥ 2, untreated brain metastases or permanent oral steroids are lacking.

Methods

Patients from six certified lung cancer centers in Berlin, Germany, presenting with stage III (non resectable, not suitable for chemoradiation) and IV NSCLC, with a PD-L1 expression of ≥ 50%, diagnosed or treated between January 1st, 2017 and December 31, 2017 were included in this retrospective study. Progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analyses were used to identify prognostic factors for survival. Values are given as median (range).

Results

During the observation period, 128 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Median age was 68.6 years (39 – 85), 76 patients were male (59.4%). Histology was predominantly non-squamous (68.8%). 31 patients (24.2%) had an initial PS of ≥ 2. Oral steroids for ≥2 weeks (equivalent daily doses of ≥ 10 mg of prednisolone during therapy with pembrolizumab) were prescribed to 34 patients (26.6%). Pembrolizumab was initiated in 24 patients with previously untreated brain metastases (18.8%). Within a follow-up of 13.0 months (95% CI, 10.5 – 15.4), a median of 9 cycles (1 – 38) were administered corresponding to a duration of treatment of 6.9 months (95% CI, 4.6 – 9.2). Therapy was still ongoing in 30 patients (23.4%). PFS was 9.4 months (95% CI, 4.8 – 14.1) with a duration of response of 11.9 months (95%CI, 8.4 – 15.4). OS reached 18.9 months (95% CI, NE – NE). A PS ≥ 2 was associated with a reduced OS (HR 0.43, 95% CI, 0.25 – 0.75, p = 0.003), no effects were noted for brain metastases and steroids.

Conclusions

Our data from real life practice in an all comer population demonstrate the efficacy of pembrolizumab in NSCLC with a PD-L1 expression of ≥ 50%. Despite a reduced survival in PS ≥ 2, the reached OS of 8.0 months is superior to historic cohorts with cytotoxic chemotherapy. Furthermore, OS was unchanged in case of untreated brain metastases or permanent steroids.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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