Oops, you're using an old version of your browser so some of the features on this page may not be displaying properly.

MINIMAL Requirements: Google Chrome 24+Mozilla Firefox 20+Internet Explorer 11Opera 15–18Apple Safari 7SeaMonkey 2.15-2.23

Poster Display session 1

5739 - Oncogenic mutations at the dimer interface of EGFR lead to formation of covalent homo-dimers and allosteric activation of the kinase domain: A mechanism which alters the selectivity profile of oncogenic EGFR.

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

Clinical Research

Tumour Site

Presenters

Elizabeth Buck

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v159-v193. 10.1093/annonc/mdz244

Authors

E. Buck1, M. O'Connor1, A. Flohr2, R. Iacone2, T. Nicolaides3, J. Zhang4, A.V. Mayweg2, D.M. Epstein5

Author affiliations

  • 1 Discovery, Black Diamond Therapeutics, 10014 - New York/US
  • 2 Discovery, Black Diamond Therapeutics, Basel/CH
  • 3 Dept Of Pediatrics, NYU Langone Health, New York/US
  • 4 Dept Of Neurology, UCSF, San Francisco/US
  • 5 Discovery, Black Diamond Therapeutics, Boston/US

Resources

Login to access the resources on OncologyPRO.

If you do not have an ESMO account, please create one for free.

Abstract 5739

Background

Mutation of either the intracellular catalytic domain or the extracellular domain of the receptor for epidermal growth factor (EGFR) drives oncogenicity. Extracellular domain EGFR mutations are highly expressed in patients with glioblastoma. Despite clinical success with targeting EGFR catalytic site mutants, no drugs have proven effective in glioblastoma patients expressing extracellular EGFR mutations.

Methods

Herein, we define the molecular mechanism for oncogenic activation of families of extracellular EGFR mutations and reveal how this mechanism renders current generation small molecule ATP-site inhibitors ineffective. We define these types of lesions as allosteric oncogenic mutations.

Results

We demonstrate that a group of the most commonly expressed extracellular domain EGFR mutants expressed in glioblastomas is activated by disulfide-bond mediated covalent homodimerization, collectively referred to as locked dimerization (LoDi-EGFR oncogenes). Strikingly, current generation small molecules binding to the active kinase conformation potently inhibit catalytic site mutants, but induce covalent dimerization and activate LoDi-EGFR receptors, manifesting in paradoxical acceleration of proliferation. Herein we describe the discovery of novel ATP competitive small molecules that potently (<50nM) inhibit the family of LoDi-EGFR oncogenes expressed in GBM, and importantly, achieve selectivity versus WT-EGFR of greater than 10-fold.

Conclusions

These data demonstrate how the locked-dimer mechanism of EGFR oncogenesis has profound impact on the activity of small molecules acting at the distal catalytic site, providing further evidence for “inside-out” allosteric signaling in EGFR. This provides a mechanistic understanding for the failure of current generation EGFR inhibitors to effectively treat LoDi-EGFR mutants in GBM and sets guidelines for the discovery and development of novel selective LoDi-EGFR inhibitors.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Black Diamond Therapeutics.

Funding

Black Diamond Therapeutics.

Disclosure

E. Buck: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Black Diamond Therapeutics. M. O’Connor: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Black Diamond Therapeutics. A. Flohr: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Black Diamond Therapeutics. R. Iacone: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Black Diamond Therapeutics. A.V. Mayweg: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Officer / Board of Directors: Black Diamond Therapeutics. D.M. Epstein: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Officer / Board of Directors: Black Diamond Therapeutics. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

This site uses cookies. Some of these cookies are essential, while others help us improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used.

For more detailed information on the cookies we use, please check our Privacy Policy.

Customise settings
  • Necessary cookies enable core functionality. The website cannot function properly without these cookies, and you can only disable them by changing your browser preferences.