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Poster Display session 2

5203 - Novel fusion genes identified from matched primary and recurred breast cancers by RNA-sequencing

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Topics

Tumour Site

Breast Cancer

Presenters

Soojeong Choi

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v104-v142. 10.1093/annonc/mdz242

Authors

S. Choi1, J. Kim1, I.Y. Chung1, W.G. Jo1, K.W. Yun2, H.J. Park1, S.B. Lee1, H.J. Kim3, B.S. Ko3, J.W. Lee3, B.H. Son1, S.H. Ahn1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Surgery, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 136-736 - Seoul/KR
  • 2 Department Of Surgery, Gangneung Asan Hospital, 210-711 - Gangneung/KR
  • 3 Breast Surgery, Asan Medical Center, 138-736 - Seoul/KR

Resources

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Abstract 5203

Background

Breast cancers display substantial inter/intra-tumor heterogeneity. While numerous fusion genes have been identified, most are found to be subclonal, passenger alterations. To discover fusion genes which drive tumor progression and metastasis, we performed RNA-sequencing of matched primary and metastatic breast cancer samples.

Methods

RNA-sequencing was performed from sixteen patients matched primary-recurrent tumor tissue and RNA-sequencing data was successfully achieved from sixteen primary tumors and eight recurrent tumors. DeFuse program was used to identify fusion transcripts (FT).

Results

Among the sixteen patients, six were hormone receptor positive, three were HER2 positive and seven were triple negative tumors. Three cases displayed loco-regional recurrence only and other patients had distant metastases. Overall, 516 fusion transcripts were identified. Mean numbers of fusions in primary and recurred tumors were 28 and 14.6 FTs per sample. Numbers of fusions were greater in two cases with BRCA1 pathogenic germline mutations while no significant differences were observed across subtypes. Novel inter-chromosomal fusion transcript, BCL2-ESR1, CSMD1-ESR1 and HPGDS-ESR1 were found in one hormone receptor positive patient’s metastasis and/or primary tumor. All fusions resulted in preservation of the DNA-binding domain and ligand-binding domain (exon4-10) of the ESR1 gene, with high ESR1 FPKM expression value. Fusions of ERBB2-, MALAT1- and CDK6- genes were found. Among the identified FTs, three cases harbored a previously reported recurrent fusion transcript EEF1DP3-FRY.

Conclusions

RNA sequencing revealed numerous fusion transcripts. Among them we found novel fusions including ESR1 fusions which need further validation and functional annotation to confirm their role in tumor progression and metastasis.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Asan Medical Center.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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