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Poster Display session 2

3364 - Middle East & North Africa Registry to characterize RAS mutation status and tumor specifications in recently diagnosed patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MORE-RAS Study)

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Topics

Tumour Site

Colon and Rectal Cancer

Presenters

Mohamed Oukkal

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v198-v252. 10.1093/annonc/mdz246

Authors

M. Oukkal1, K. Bouzid2, A. Bounedjar3, A. Alnajar4, F. Abou Taleb5, A. Alsharm6, H. Mahfouf7, B. Larbaoui8, A. Abdelaziz9, A. Ouamer10, L. Bashir11

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, CHU Beni-Messous, 16206 - Algiers/DZ
  • 2 Oncologie Médicale, Centre Pierre et Marie Curie, 16000 - Algiers/DZ
  • 3 Medical Oncology, CHU Blida, Blida/DZ
  • 4 Medical Oncology, Kuwait Cancer Control Center, Kuwait City/KW
  • 5 Faculty Of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig/EG
  • 6 Oncology, King Fahad Medical City-Comprehensive Cancer Care Centre, 11323 - Riyadh/SA
  • 7 Medical Oncology, EPH Rouiba, Rouiba/DZ
  • 8 Medical Oncology, CAC Emir Abdelkader, Oran/DZ
  • 9 Faculty Of Medicine, Alexandria University Egypt, Alexandria/EG
  • 10 N/a, Amgen, Aknoun/DZ
  • 11 Gcc, Amgen, Dubai/AE

Resources

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Abstract 3364

Background

RAS mutational status is an essential criterion to guide first-line treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). MORE-RAS was a multicenter, multicountry, observational, ambispective (retrospective + prospective) study conducted in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region to assess RAS testing practices and tumor characteristics in newly diagnosed patients (pts) with mCRC. Results of the retrospective analysis are presented here.

Methods

Eligible pts included adults aged ≥18 with mCRC who had already initiated first-line therapy, had at least 1 post-baseline visit for disease evaluation, and had available survival data. Pts with incomplete and unavailable data or presence of other coexisting malignancies were excluded. Data from eligible pts were retrospectively analysed 2 years back from the day of patient consent.

Results

A total of 495 pts (median age: 57 y) were enrolled; majority were male (55.6%), with adenocarcinoma histology, stage IV disease (86.8%) and left-sided tumors (79%). Primary tumor site was sigmoid (40.9%), followed by rectal (26.1%), ascending (17.2%), descending (12.1%), and transverse (3.8%) colon. RAS testing was requested in 417 (78%) pts; reasons for not prescribing included test unavailability, financial/medical decision, or other. Testing samples were mostly paraffin-embedded (91.7%) primary tumors (92.5%); sequencing was the most common test method used. RAS testing found that 33.9% of tumors harbored mutations and 66.1% carried wild-type (WT) sequences. The most common mutation was KRAS (94.1%), occurring largely in Exon2-Codon12 (70.5%). RAS testing was typically prescribed after initiation of first-line treatment, significantly more in pts with stage IV disease (p < 0.005), resulted in addition of targeted therapy (41.8% anti EGFR, 30.2% anti VEGF) in WT mCRC, and significantly impacted treatment strategy of left-sided tumors (p = 0.037).

Conclusions

RAS testing for mCRC in the MENA region was often performed after first-line treatment. The dominance of WT RAS in this region is distinct from the mutational pattern reported in Western countries.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Amgen.

Funding

Amgen.

Disclosure

M. Oukkal: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Amgen; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony, Research grant / Funding (self): Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Novartis; Advisory / Consultancy: Pfizer; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bayer; Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Ipsen. H. Mahfouf: Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Amgen; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Roche; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Merck; Advisory / Consultancy, Speaker Bureau / Expert testimony: Bayer; Advisory / Consultancy: Ipsen. A. Ouamer: Full / Part-time employment: Amgen. L. Bashir: Full / Part-time employment: Amgen. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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