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Poster Display session 3

2142 - Low NK Cell Abundance Correlates with High Expression of PD-1 in CD8+ T Cells

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Translational Research

Tumour Site

Presenters

Moon Hee Lee

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v760-v796. 10.1093/annonc/mdz268

Authors

M.H. Lee1, P. Järvinen2, H. Nísen2, O. Bruck1, M. Ilander1, S. Mustjoki1, A. Kreutzman1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Hematology Research Unit Helsinki, Translational Immunology Research Program, University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Central Hospital Comprehensive Cancer Center, 00290 - Helsinki/FI
  • 2 Department Of Urology, Peijas Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, 01400 - Vantaa/FI

Resources

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Abstract 2142

Background

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is considered an immunogenic cancer with a high frequency of indel mutations, immuno-oncological (IO) sensitivity, and infiltration of T cells. Because natural killer (NK) cells are a lesser known population compared to their T cell counterparts, we aimed to investigate the intratumoral phenotype of the cells to assess the overall immune landscape of RCC.

Methods

The tumor, matching peripheral blood (PB) and healthy kidney tissue samples were obtained from 40 RCC patients that underwent radical nephrectomy and were phenotyped using multi-parameter flow cytometry and a comprehensive immunostaining panel containing 56 fundamental markers to cancer immunology.

Results

Using hierarchical clustering and correlation analysis, we discovered that our cohort clustered into two distinct subgroups defined by the abundance of NK cells from the intratumoral lymphocyte population, defined as NKhigh (n = 17; mean 24.3%) and NKlow (n = 18; mean 7.5%). Consequently, an increased abundance of NK cells correlated with a lower expression of PD-1, particularly in the CD8+ T cells (r=-0.5722, p = 0.0003), but not with LAG-3. Contrastingly, clinical parameters such as tumor grade, gender and age did not differ between the two NK subgroups. However, patients with high NK cell abundance significantly had more often necrosis present in the tumors (p = 0.04). We also independently phenotyped two regions of the same tumor sample (n = 10) to compare the periphery and core lymphocytes. Surprisingly, both spatially different regions displayed similar quantities of immune cell populations and immunophenotypic markers. Overall, the tumor immune landscape in RCC resulted in a proportion of tumors carrying a higher abundance of NK cells than their T cell-rich corresponding PB and healthy tissue samples, which supports our findings that a proportion of tumors accumulate NK cells.

Conclusions

Our study has led to the discovery of two distinct RCC tumoral NK cell subgroups, NKhigh and NKlow. Next, we aim to further explore the transcriptional differences of the two subgroups with ongoing bulk RNA sequencing (RNAseq). Furthermore, prospective single-cell RNA sequencing (sc-RNAseq) will be carried out to investigate the immunological heterogeneities in higher resolution.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

University of Helsinki, Hematology Research Unit Helsinki.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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