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Poster Display session 3

1564 - Long-term Results of Phase 2 Trial of Reduced Modified Clinical Target Volume in Low-risk Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Treated with Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Tumour Site

Head and Neck Cancers

Presenters

Jingjing Miao

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v449-v474. 10.1093/annonc/mdz252

Authors

J. Miao1, M. Di2, Y. Cao3, L. Wang2, W. Xiao1, M. Zhu2, B. Chen2, S. Huang1, F. Han1, X. Deng1, Y. Xiang2, M.L.K. Chua4, X. Guo5, C. Zhao2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 510060 - Guangzhou/CN
  • 2 Department Of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 510060 - Guangzhou/CN
  • 3 Department Of Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, 510060 - Guangzhou/CN
  • 4 Division Of Radiation Oncology; Division Of Medical Sciences; Oncology Academic Programme, National Cancer Centre Singapore; Duke-NUS Medical School, 169610 - Singapore/SG
  • 5 Nasopharynx, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 510060 - Guangzhou/CN

Resources

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Abstract 1564

Background

Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is the standard of care for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Part of the IMRT quality assurance process involves accurate target volume delineation, which is crucial for local control and survival. Current practice utilizes a uniform contouring method for clinical target volume (CTV) for all stages of NPC. Here, we conducted a single-arm phase 2 trial investigating the tumor control rates of reduced CTV margins and corresponding doses in low-risk, early-stage NPC.

Methods

Patients with biopsy-proven stage I-IIb (6th UICC/AJCC) NPC were enrolled. All patients were treated with IMRT alone. Two CTVs (CTV1 [high risk] and CTV2 [low risk]) were outlined; CTV1 was defined by grossly identified tumour (on MRI or CT) plus 5-mm margin (3-mm posteriorly); CTV2 was CTV1 plus 5-mm margin (3-mm posteriorly). 60 Gy and 50–54 Gy in 30 fractions were prescribed to CTV1 and CTV2, respectively. Primary end-point was locoregional recurrence free survival (LRRFS).

Results

From May 2001 to August 2006, 103 patients were recruited; all patients completed IMRT as planned (time duration 39-61 days). At a median follow-up of 12.6 years, five patients developed locoregional failures; of which one was in-field, and four were regional recurrence (two in-field and two marginal). 10-year LRRFS, distant metastasis free survival (DMFS), disease specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) were 95.0% and 94.1%, 94.0% and 91.1%, respectively. The most common grade 1-2 late toxicities included subcutaneous fibrosis (79.6%), hearing loss (53.4%) and skin dystrophy (43.2%); grade 3 included subcutaneous fibrosis (2.9%) and hearing loss (2.9%); and no grade 4 late toxicity.

Conclusions

Reduced CTV margins and corresponding doses results in optimal long-term tumour control, with minimal late adverse events.

Clinical trial identification

NCT03839602.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Chong Zhao.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China [No. 81872469]; Science and Technology Project of Guangdong Province [No. 2014A020212433].

Disclosure

M.L.K. Chua: Honoraria (institution), Advisory / Consultancy: Janssen, Astellas, Varian, Ferring Singapore and AstraZeneca; Research grant / Funding (institution), Structured research agreement/Research funding - Ferring Singapore, GenomeDx Biosciences, Varian, MedLever.: Ferring Singapore, GenomeDx Biosciences, Varian, MedLever. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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