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Poster Display session 1

1815 - Leukocytosis as a negative prognostic factor in patients with lung cancer: Which subpopulation of leukocytes is responsible?

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

Pathology/Molecular Biology

Tumour Site

Thoracic Malignancies

Presenters

Filip Kohutek

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v797-v815. 10.1093/annonc/mdz269

Authors

F. Kohutek, B. Bystricky

Author affiliations

  • Oncology Department, Faculty Hospital TN-Fakultná nemocnica Trenčín, 911 71 - Trencin/SK

Resources

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Abstract 1815

Background

Leukocytosis is common in patients with malignancies and might be a negative prognostic factor in lung cancer (LC). Leukocytes are, however, a heterogenous population of blood cells. Therefore, subpopulation of leukocytes responsible for this effect should be identified. It is presumed that neutrophilia and lymphocytopenia might be a negative factor in patients with lung cancer.

Methods

Leukocyte, absolute neutrophil, lymphocyte, eosinophil, basophil and thrombocyte count were determined before beginning of treatment in patients with LC. Patients with recent bleeding, elevated CRP or treated with best-supportive care were excluded. The impact of leukocytosis, neutrophilia, lymphocytopenia, eosinophilia and basophilia on progression- free survival (PFS) was determined. Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) at various cut-offs were determined along with platelets to lymphocytes ratio (PLR) and their effect on PFS was assessed. Kaplan- Meier and Cox- regression statistical analysis were used.

Results

200 patients were examined in our retrospective study. Median PFS was 7.41 months. Leukocytosis and neutrophilia significantly worsened PFS in patients with LC [HR 0.5200, (95%CI 0.3684 to 0.7340), P < 0.0001 and HR 0.5556 (95%CI 0.4068 to 0.7589) P = 0.0001]. These results were confirmed in Cox- regression analysis (covariates: age, gender, stage). Lymphocytopenia, basophilia, eosinophilia and thrombocytosis had no impact on survival rates. Elevated NLR (cut- off 3.54) significantly worsened PFS in patients with LC [HR 0.6069 (95%CI 0.4475 to 0.8231), P = 0.0013] even after adjustment to covariates (age, gender, stage). Elevated NLR at lower cut-offs (2.15 and 1.77) and elevated PLR (cut-off 123) did not affect the survival rate.

Conclusions

Neutrophilia appears to be a negative prognostic factor in patients with LC. Impairment in other white blood cell lines does not affect PFS, however, significantly elevated NLR (≥ 3.54) seems to have detrimental effect on survival rates.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Faculty Hospital Trencin, Department of Oncology.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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