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Poster Display session 3

4918 - HER2 inhibition in Aggressive Squamous Cell Carcinomas driven by a common MET Sema Domain Polymorphism

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Translational Research

Tumour Site

Presenters

Nur Afiqah Mohamed Salleh

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v760-v796. 10.1093/annonc/mdz268

Authors

N.A. Mohamed Salleh1, L.R. Kong2, Y. Huang3, J. Ho4, J.S. Lim3, S.G. Lim5, R.A. Soo4, D. Kappei1, S.C. Lee6, B. Goh4

Author affiliations

  • 1 Cancer Science Institute, NUS-National University of Singapore-Cancer Science Institute (CSI), 117599 - Singapore/SG
  • 2 Cancer Science Institute, National University of Singapore, 117599 - Singapore/SG
  • 3 Haematology Oncology, NUS-National University of Singapore-National University Health System (NUHS), 119228 - Singapore/SG
  • 4 Haematology-oncology, National University Cancer Institute Singapore (NCIS), 119074 - Singapore/SG
  • 5 Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 117597 - Singapore/SG
  • 6 Haematology-oncology, NUS-National University of Singapore-National University Health System (NUHS), 119228 - Singapore/SG

Resources

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Abstract 4918

Background

Oncogenic MET signaling is often deployed by tumors for malignant transformation through genomic events like tyrosine kinase domain mutations, juxtamembrane splicing mutation and amplified copy numbers, which can be inhibited by c-MET small molecule inhibitors. We present biochemical and clinical findings on a polymorphism of MET, which is common in the East Asian population.

Methods

Germline DNA (gDNA) of lung, nasopharyngeal, liver, breast, gastric and colon cancer cohorts among East Asians (n = 1,076) were genotyped for MET (p.N375S) polymorphism using digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). Relapse free survival (RFS) with curative intent was compared using log-rank test. Screening for protein-protein interaction was performed with SILAC. Clinical study is now enrolling MET-N375S+ squamous cell (SCC) head and neck patients to be given 30mg afatinib daily. Treatment outcome was determined with F-FDG PET/CT scan. Baseline (BL) and post-treatment biopsies were analyzed with immunohistochemistry for response biomarkers and in situ hybridization-proximity ligation assay (ISH-PLA) for receptor interaction.

Results

Fraction of the MET-N375S+ cases is comparable across cancer patients and cancer-free controls (9-18%). METN375S was associated with significantly shorter relapse-free survival (RFS) in SCC of the head and neck (HNSCC; P = 0.005) and lung (LUSC; P = 0.029). SILAC revealed interaction of MET-N375S with HER2 (P < 0.05). Two patients with refractory HNSCC who completed 1 cycle of afatinib, a pan-HER inhibitor, showed radiological tumour shrinkage and reduction in metabolic activity, with partial response by RECIST 1.1 measurement observed in one patient. Evaluable BL biopsy showed strong MET-HER2 interaction (ISH-PLA) with strong staining of phosphorylated MET and HER2 (IHC), which were significantly reduced post-treatment, indicative of successive intervention of MET-N375S/HER2 signaling.

Conclusions

We established MET-N375S as a biologically-distinct molecular subset of SCC that drives malignancy through HER2 signaling, and could serve as a predictive biomarker to select refractory patients with dismal prognosis for afatinib treatment.

Clinical trial identification

NCT03938012. Actual study start date: October 3, 2017; Estimated primary completion date: October 2021; Estimated study completion date: October 2022.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

National University Cancer Institute, Singapore.

Funding

National Medical Research Council, Singapore.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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