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Poster Display session 3

3190 - GI101, a novel triple-targeting bispecific CD80-IgG4-IL2variant fusion protein, elicits synergistic anti-tumor effects in preclinical models

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Immunotherapy

Tumour Site

Presenters

Jae Chan Park

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v475-v532. 10.1093/annonc/mdz253

Authors

J.C. Park1, K.H. Pyo2, Y.J. Song1, W.J. Lee1, J. Kim1, H.N. Ji1, S.S. Park1, Y.J. Koh1, K. Lee1, B. Cho2, B. Chun1, Y.M. Oh1, B. Yang1, S.Y. Nam1, M.H. Jang1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Central Research And Development Center, GI innovation, 05855 - Seoul/KR
  • 2 Division Of Medical Oncology, Yonsei Cancer Center, 03722 - Seoul/KR

Resources

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Abstract 3190

Background

Despite mounting interest in combination immunotherapy including immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) to improve anti-tumor responses, clinical translation has been disappointing. To address the significant unmet needs remaining, we designed GI101 comprising the extracellular domain of CD80 acting as a dual checkpoint (CTLA4/PD-L1) inhibitor, together with a long acting IL2v that preferentially binds to the IL2Rβ.

Methods

Affinity of GI101 for IL2Rs, CTLA4, and PD-L1 was determined by SPR. Immune cell proliferation was analyzed by CFSE assay and in vivo immune profiling. In vivo efficacy of GI101 were performed in a tumor-bearing mouse model.

Results

GI101 exhibits high affinity to both CTLA4 (Kd, 2.9 nM), PD-L1 (Kd, 8.5 nM), and preferential binding to IL2Rβ (Kd, 28.4 nM). GI101 induces the robust stimulation of in vitro and in vivo CD8+ T and NK cell proliferation without a significant increase in Treg cells. GI101 has high binding affinity to CTLA4 acting as a decoy ligand, thereby enhancing the interaction between endogenous CD80 and CD28, leading to the activation of T cells. GI101 elicits improved restoration of immune functions compared to a CD80-Fc in in vitro settings using human PBMCs co-cultured with PD-L1hi tumor cells. In the CT26 tumor-bearing mice, GI101 was superior at inhibiting tumor growth when compared to a combination of aPD-1/aCLTA4 in association with a profound increase in CD8+ T and NK cells without causing an increase in Tregs in the TME. In addition, a dose-dependent anti-tumor effect was observed in CT26 syngeneic models. Furthermore, isolated mortality was observed in the aPD-1/aCTLA4 combo-treated group whereas GI101-treated group has no evidence for toxicity associated with IL2 activity including vascular leakage syndrome and cytokine storm.

Conclusions

The complementary modes of action of GI101 via dual checkpoint blockade with IL2 activity to enhance the proliferation and activation of Teff and NK cells is projected to translate into superior clinical efficacy and safety as indicated even in ‘cold tumor’ models. GI101 has promising potential to replace first-generation ICIs as a monotherapy or in combination with chemo/radiotherapies and other immunotherapies.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

GI innovation.

Funding

GI innovation.

Disclosure

J.C. Park: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. K.H. Pyo: Research grant / Funding (institution): Yonsei Medical Center. Y.J. Song: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. W.J. Lee: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. J. Kim: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. H.N. Ji: Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. S.S. Park: Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. Y.J. Koh: Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. K. Lee: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. B. Cho: Research grant / Funding (institution): Yonsei Medical Center. B. Chun: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. Y.M. Oh: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. B. Yang: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. S.Y. Nam: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation. M.H. Jang: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: GI innovation.

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