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Poster Display session 2

5274 - Expression of X-linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein (XIAP) and its Association with Clinicopathological Parameters in Invasive Breast Cancers

Date

29 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 2

Topics

Tumour Site

Breast Cancer

Presenters

Gayathri Devi

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v55-v98. 10.1093/annonc/mdz240

Authors

G. Devi1, P. Finetti2, J. Geradts3, S. McCall3, M. Morse4, S.J. Van Laere5, F. Bertucci6

Author affiliations

  • 1 Division Of Surgical Sciences, Department Of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, 27710 - Durham/US
  • 2 Medical Oncology And Molecular Oncology, Institut Paoli-Calmettes,, CEDX 9 - Marseille/FR
  • 3 Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, 27710 - Durham/US
  • 4 Department Of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, 27710 - Durham/US
  • 5 Core, University of Antwerp, 2000 - Antwerp/BE
  • 6 Medical Oncology And Molecular Oncology, Institute Paoli Calmettes, 13274 - Marseille/FR

Resources

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Abstract 5274

Background

XIAP is the most potent inhibitor of both the extrinsic and intrinsic cell death pathways, which is linked to chemotherapy resistance and tumor aggressiveness. We analyzed the correlations between XIAP expression in invasive breast cancers and clinicopathological parameters including metastasis-free survival (MFS) and pathological complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy.

Methods

Breast cancer databases comprising gene expression profiles with clinicopathological annotations from 8,636 non-redundant non-metastatic, non-inflammatory, primary, invasive patients were analyzed for XIAPexpression (binary variable, ”high” vs.“low” by using median as cut-off). XIAP immunohistochemistry was conducted in a cohort of post-chemotherapy mastectomy samples.

Results

High XIAP mRNA expression was associated with pathological ductal type, pT1 tumor size, ER-positive, PR-positive, HR+/HER2-, luminal A and B PAM50 subtypes. Analysis of MFS (3,454 non-stage 4) revealed shorter MFS (p = 8.1E-03, log-rank test) associated with “XIAP-high” group. The hazard ratio for metastatic relapse was 1.20 (95%CI 1.05-1.38, p = 8.17E-03, Wald test) in “XIAP-high” vs.“XIAP-low” group.In multivariate analysis, two variables (GGI and pT) remained significant, whereas the TN subtype and XIAPexpression tended to be (p = 0.059). The prognostic value of XIAPwas significant in the multivariate analysis including two major signatures (70-gene signature, Recurrence Score), suggesting independent prognostic value. The same analysis, but in each molecular subtype separately, showed significant difference in the TN subtype (p = 1.0E-03).Univariate analysis of pCR to anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (1,203 patients) identified 20% pCR in the “XIAP-high” group vs.26% in the “XIAP-low” group (p = 0.015, logit function). Immunohistochemistry revealed high XIAP cytoplasmic staining only in invasive tumors and identified correlates with variables like grade, T, N, M and subtype status.

Conclusions

XIAP-high” tumors are more prone to metastatic relapse and resistance to chemotherapy, suggesting the therapeutic benefit of targeting XIAP in the neoadjuvant setting.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Department of Defense W81XWH-17-1-0297 (to G.R. Devi) and Duke School of Medicine Bridge Fund (to G.R.Devi).

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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