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Poster Display session 3

2624 - Efficacy of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer patients with sensitive genes mutation

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Immunotherapy

Tumour Site

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Presenters

Hui-Juan Cui

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v475-v532. 10.1093/annonc/mdz253

Authors

H. Cui1, S. Zheng2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Integrative Oncology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, 100029 - Beijing/CN
  • 2 Graduate School, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 100029 - Beijing/CN

Resources

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Abstract 2624

Background

As we all know, patients with sensitive genes mutation could achieve better overall survival by taking targeted drugs. Many trials showed that non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EFGR) mutation responded to PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors worse than EGFR wild-type. And subgroups of trials also reported the efficacy of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in the treatment of NSCLC patients with other sensitive genes mutation. So we conducted a complementary systematic review and meta-analysis to compare efficacy of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors for NSCLC patients with sensitive genes mutation.

Methods

PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Central) databases were searched for all clinical trials in NSCLC until 5th of January 2019. Eligible studies included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors with chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with sensitive genes mutation. The hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) were used.

Results

A total of 2419 patients from 4 RCTs (2 with PD-1 inhibitors; 2 with PD-L1 inhibitors) were included. PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors significantly prolonged the OS (HR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.60–0.67) and PFS (HR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.36–0.60) in NSCLC patients with EGFR wild-type versus chemotherapy. Meanwhile, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors prolonged the OS (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.39–0.94) in NSCLC patients with KRAS mutation versus chemotherapy. However, for NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation (the OS of HR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.80–1.55; the PFS of HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.35–1.64) and KRAS wild-type (the OS of HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.68–1.17), there were no significant differences between PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors and chemotherapy.

Conclusions

PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors are more efficacious in NSCLC patients with EGFR wild-type and KRAS mutation compared with chemotherapy. There was no significant difference between PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors and chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation and KRAS wild-type.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81873396).

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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