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Poster Display session 3

4426 - Differential expression of immunoregulatory molecules and highly-associated cancer genes may provide novel insights into strategic trial design for therapeutics

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Immunotherapy

Tumour Site

Presenters

Jacob Adashek

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v475-v532. 10.1093/annonc/mdz253

Authors

J.J. Adashek1, C.W. Szeto2, S.K. Reddy3, P.E. Spiess4

Author affiliations

  • 1 Medical Oncology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center University of South Florida, 33612 - Tampa/US
  • 2 R&d, NantCell, LLC, 95060 - Santa Cruz/US
  • 3 Chief Medical Officer, NantHealth, 90232 - Culver City/US
  • 4 Gu Oncology, Moffit Cancer Center, 33620 - Tampa/US

Resources

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Abstract 4426

Background

The use of immunotherapy in multiple cancer types is becoming mainstay along with next-generation sequencing (NGS) to identify potential actionable targets. We hypothesized that some immunoregulatory molecules are often found upregulated with certain gene mutations regardless of cancer subtype.

Methods

2740 TCGA patients were identified to have at least one potentially oncogenic mutation (mt) within an established 50-gene hotspot panel, including stomach/esophageal carcinoma (N = 255), skin cutaneous melanoma (N = 226), stomach adenocarcinoma (N = 163), breast invasive carcinoma (N = 143), and lung adenocarcinoma (N = 139), among others. Differential expression of 10 immunoregulatory molecules (IRM) was analyzed between mt vs. wt. To ensure observed significant associations were not confounded by tumor-type, differential IRM expression within mt-enriched tumor-types was compared to that of mt vs. wt.

Results

19/50 gene mutations were found to be significantly associated with ≥1 IRM expression. This included elevated CTLA4in CDKN2A mt (adj. p = 1.9e-9), elevated IDO1in FBXW7 mt (adj. p = 0.007), and decreased PDL1 in APCmt (adj, p = 0.02). In many, the mt effect-size was larger than that of tumor-type; e.g. head & neck carcinomas (HNSCC) are highly enriched for CDKN2Amt (OR = 4.9, p = 4.3e-9), yet CDKN2Amt are more associated with CTLA4expression than HNSCC location (t = 7.0 vs. 5.4). Similarly, FBXW7mt are more associated with high IDO1 than colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRC) (t = 4.3 vs. 0.9), and APC mt are more associated with low PDL1 (t=-4.1 vs. -3.2) than CRC. In total, 15 strong mt-gene/immune-regulator associations were identified.

Conclusions

The presented differential checkpoint expression patterns are strongly associated with mutation status and are not primarily driven by tissue type. NGS data continues to drive agnostic approvals while immunotherapeutic efforts work to replace chemotherapy providing better efficacy with milder toxicities. This data hopes to shed light on the future studies that may analyze optimization of concomitant versus sequential therapies in various genomic-driven targeted therapies combined with immunotherapy trials.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

NantWorks.

Disclosure

C.W. Szeto: Full / Part-time employment: NantCell. S.K. Reddy: Full / Part-time employment, Officer / Board of Directors: NantHealth. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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