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Poster Display session 1

5924 - Deprescribing Potentially Inappropriate Medication in Cancer Patients

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Topics

End-of-Life Care

Tumour Site

Presenters

Simon Reuter

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v661-v666. 10.1093/annonc/mdz261

Authors

S.B. Reuter1, T.S. Petersen2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Clinical Pharmacology, Bispebjerg Hospital, 2400 - Copenhagen/DK
  • 2 Department Of Clinical Pharmacology, Bispebjerg Hospital, 2400 NV - Copenhagen/DK

Resources

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Abstract 5924

Background

Due to their advanced age many cancer patients with unfavorable prognosis suffer from comorbidities, and thus the risk of consuming potentially inappropriate medication (PIM). It is vital to deprescribe drugs with potential harmful effects or no short-term benefit for lowering pill.

Hence, we examined the degree of deprescription of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) in patients suffering from cancer.

Methods

Retrospective, register-based study of all patients with newly diagnosed breast, prostate, pancreatic, and lung cancer, diagnosed at a hospital in the Capital Region of Denmark (1.8 million inhabitants) from 2012-2014. Patients with insufficient staging information or other malignancy except non-melanoma skin-cancer were excluded. Information about medication, comorbidity and mortality was extracted from the electronic health records.

PIM were defined as: acetylsalicylic acid, calcium channel blockers, statins, thiazides, and bisphosphonates. The study was approved by the Danish Patient Safety Authority (No. 3-3013-1884/1/) and the Danish Data Protection Agency (No. BFH-2016-058).

Results

Table:

1607P

Breast (n = 3,959)/prostate cancer (n = 3,535) (total n = 7,494)Lung (n = 2,824)/pancreatic cancer (n = 617) (n = 3,441)
Gender (Women)52%50%
Age mean (sd)65 (12)70 (10)
1-year Survival97%46%
Metastatic disease6.7%52%
Co-morbidities
Diabetes4.0 %9.7 %
Hypertension12 %23 %
Atrial fibrillation4.7 %8.7 %
Ischemic heart disease6.4 %11.6 %
Heart failure2.2 %5.6 %
Ischemic stroke1.5 %2.8 %
Medication1-year deprescription/total treated§
Acetylsalicylic acid250/1,443 (17%)398/928 (43%)
Calcium channel blockers135/1,048 (13%)284/659 (43%)
Statins187/1,769 (11%)501/1,066 (47%)
Thiazide diuretics175/954 (18%)259/534 (49%)
Bisphosphonates26/319 (8.2%)64/171 (37%)
§

Deprescribed during the first year after cancer-diagnosis/total number of patients treated

(Patients not surviving 1 year and treatment continuing until death does not count towards deprescribed)

Conclusions

Our findings show that oncologists and physicians have a rational approach to deprescription in patients suffering from cancer with short-term (pancreatic and lung cancer) respectively long-term (breast and prostate cancer) survival rates. However, several patients were continuing potential inappropriate medications in the terminal stage of cancer.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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