Sacituzumab govitecan (SG) is an antibody drug conjugate (ADC) that targets Trop-2 for the selective delivery of SN-38 to tumors. SG carries SN-38, a topoisomerase inhibitor active in the nanomolar range for most cells (including TNBC and GBM) and freely cross the blood brain barrier. SN-38 is conjugated to SG by a linker designated CL2A which is sensitive to acidic and conditions. SG was evaluated in a single-arm, multicenter trial with relapsed/refractory metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) with impressive results including a confirmed objective response rate of 30%, with responses occurring early (median onset of 1.9 months) and being durable (median duration 8.9m). SG has since been granted priority review designation by the FDA, with approval anticipated. Brain metastases is a significant concern in this patient population, but whether this agent is able to target the CNS through the blood brain barrier is unknown. Based upon the characteristics of this specific ADC, including the use of a pH labile linker and a payload with good CNS penetration, it is our specific hypothesis that the SG can achieve intratumoral concentrations of SN-38 sufficient to achieve therapeutic benefit in patients with neoplastic involvement of the brain. We further hypothesize that while total concentration of SN-38 will correlate with expression of trop2, free SN-38 will correlate more strongly with intratumoral hypoxia.
Single center, non-randomized, prospective study of SG in subjects with CNS involvement and planned surgical resection. SG is given as single dose at 10mg/kg administered pre-operatively on Day-1. Surgery will be followed by post-operative treatment with sacituzumab govitecan given intravenously with standard dose of 10 mg/kg on day1 and day 8 of 21-day cycle, until disease progression. Approximately 20 patients, 2 cohorts of 10 patients each with GBM and breast brain tumors from TNBC.Tumors will be analyszed for total antibody (hRS7 + hRS7-SN-38), free SN-38, and total SN-38 (free SN-38 + hRS7-SN-38) concentrations in tumor tissue. Correlations will be made to Trop2 expression and hypoxia.
Clinical trial identification
Legal entity responsible for the study
University of Texas Health San Antonio.
Mays Cancer Center, Kolitz Endowment.
A.J. Brenner: Research grant / Funding (institution): Immunomedics. V. Kaklamani: Research grant / Funding (institution): Immunomedics. V. Madhusudanan-Kunnuparampil: Research grant / Funding (institution): Immunomedics. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.