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Poster Display session 3

2680 - Circulating biomarkers and risk of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in patients (pts) with advanced Non-small cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) and metastatic melanoma (mMel)

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Translational Research

Tumour Site

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Presenters

Alberto Pavan

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v25-v54. 10.1093/annonc/mdz239

Authors

A. Pavan1, L. Calvetti2, A. Dal Maso1, A. Fabozzi3, L. Piccin1, V. Chiarion-Sileni3, G. Pasello4, G. Aprile2, V. Guarneri1, P.F. Conte1, L. Bonanno4

Author affiliations

  • 1 Surgery Oncology And Gastroenterology, Università degli Studi di Padova, 35128 - Padova/IT
  • 2 Oncology, AOU Integrata Verona "Borgo Roma", 37134 - Verona/IT
  • 3 Melanoma Unit, Istituto Oncologico Veneto IRCCS, 35128 - Padova/IT
  • 4 Medical Oncology 2, Istituto Oncologico Veneto IRCCS, 35128 - Padova/IT

Resources

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Abstract 2680

Background

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have changed the treatment of pts with aNSCLC and mMel. No predictive markers of development of irAEs are available. Aim of the study is to evaluate the role of circulating markers in predicting irAE onset.

Methods

We reviewed clinical data of aNSCLC and mMel pts treated with ICIs at Istituto Oncologico Veneto (Padova, Italy) and San Bortolo Hospital (Vicenza, Italy) between January 2012 and January 2019. We collected data on type and grading (G) of irAEs and calculated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) before first ICI administration and at irAE onset. Values were dichotomized in: high (H) and low (L) NLR and H- and L-PLR, using pre-identified cut-offs of 3 and 180 for aNSCLC, 3 and 120 for mMel.

Results

Analysis included 377 pts (252 aNSCLC and 125 mMel). In aNSCLC cohort, median PFS and OS were 4.9 months (m) (95% CI: 3.6-6.1) and 8.6m (95% CI: 6.3-10.8). Ninety-seven pts (38%) developed irAEs, mainly G1-2 (72%), with permanent ICI discontinuation in 29 (29.9%) cases; 26 pts (26.8%) experienced more than one irAE. Pts with baseline L-NLR or L-PLR had a higher risk of irAE (OR = 2.3, 95% CI: 1.3-3.9, p = 0.002 | OR = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.3-4.1, p = 0.02). Multivariate analysis confirmed NLR and PLR as independent predictive markers (OR = 1.8, 95%CI: 1.0-3.2, p = 0.04 | OR = 1.9, 95%CI: 1.0-3.4, p = 0.03). L-PLR at irAE onset was associated with risk of irAE recurrence or second irAE development (OR = 4.2, 95% CI: 1.4-12.9, p = 0.01). In mMel pts, median PFS and OS were 5.1m (95% CI: 3.6-6.5) and 18.1m (95% CI: 11-25.2). Fifty-four pts (43%) developed irAEs, mainly G1-2 (76%), with permanent ICI discontinuation in 10 (18.5%) cases; 14 pts (25.9%) had multiple irAEs. Pts with baseline L-NLR had higher risk of irAE (OR = 2.2, 95% CI: 1.1-4.6, p = 0.04). NLR and PLR at time of irAE onset were not associated with the risk of irAE recurrence or second irAE development.

Conclusions

Baseline NLR and PLR may be reliable and inexpensive predictive tools of irAE risk. For aNSCLC pts L-PLR at irAE onset correlates with risk of further toxicity. If validated, these biomarkers may help pts’ management during ICIs and treatment handling after a first irAE.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

IRCCS Istituto Oncologico Veneto - IOV - Padua – Italy.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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