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Poster Display session 2

5106 - Body size, sex and sidedness of incident colorectal cancer in a prospective Swedish cohort study


29 Sep 2019


Poster Display session 2


Tumour Site

Colon and Rectal Cancer


Christina Siesing


Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v198-v252. 10.1093/annonc/mdz246


C. Siesing1, J. Berntsson1, J. Brändstedt1, K. Jirström2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Oncology And Pathology, Lund University-Institution of Clinical Sciences-Oncology and Pathology, 221 85 - Lund/SE
  • 2 Department Of Clinical Sciences Lund, Oncology And Pathology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, Lund University, 221 85 - Lund/SE


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Abstract 5106


Obesity is a well-known risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC), the relative risk being higher in men than in women, and for colon than for rectal cancer. Whether this risk differs by sidedness of colon cancer and sex, has however not yet been explored.


Among 28098 participants in the Malmö Diet and Cancer study, 11063 men and 17035 women, 584 incident CRC cases had been registered by Dec 31 2008. Seven anthropometric factors; height, weight, bodyfat%, hip circumference, waist circumference, BMI and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were categorized into quartiles (Q). Hazard ratios (HR) of CRC risk according to tumour location (right colon, left colon, rectum) and sex were calculated using multivariable Cox regression models, adjusted for age, smoking, educational level and alcohol intake.


In men, several anthropometric factors were associated with an increased risk of right-sided colon cancer (HR for Q1[ref]-Q4 for weight 1.0, 1.67, 1.99, 2.88, ptrend= 0.001; waist circumference 1.0, 0.64, 1.59, 2.03, ptrend= 0.002; WHR 1.0, 0.73, 1.93, 1.89, ptrend= 0.004; BMI 1.0, 1.29, 1.50, 2.64, ptrend= 0.001), only WHR with left-sided colon cancer (1.0, 1.26, 1.94, 2.06, ptrend= 0.021), and none with rectal cancer. In women, body size was not associated with risk for neither right-sided nor left-sided colon cancer, only with rectal cancer (bodyfat% 1.0, 1.57, 2.18, 1.94, ptrend= 0.032, hip circumference 1.0, 1.76, 1.45, 2.18, ptrend= 0.033). Significant interactions with sex were denoted for hip circumference (p = 0.032) and BMI (p = 0.026) in relation to risk of right-sided colon cancer.


These data unveil a sexual dimorphism in the relationship between obesity and right-sided colon cancer, only being evident in men. As right-sided tumours are otherwise more common in women, hormonal factors may be particularly influential in their carcinogenesis.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Lund University.


The Swedish Cancer Society, the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Government Grant for Clinical Research, the Mrs Berta Kamprad Foundation, Lund University Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Research Grants.


All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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