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Poster Display session 3

2779 - Anti-tumor activity of cediranib, a pan-inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells

Date

30 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 3

Topics

Translational Research

Tumour Site

Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Presenters

Majid Momeny

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v760-v796. 10.1093/annonc/mdz268

Authors

M. Momeny1, Z. Alishahi2, H. Eyvani2, S. Hamzelou2, S.H. Ghaffari2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Oncology, Turku Bioscience Center, 20520 - Turku/FI
  • 2 Hematology/oncology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 1411713135 - Tehran/IR

Resources

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Abstract 2779

Background

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common and lethal subtype of pancreatic cancer, with a 5-year survival rate of less than 3%. Early tumor dissemination, late diagnosis, and insensitivity to conventional treatments are the major reasons for its high mortality rate. Members of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family are overexpressed in PDAC and play important roles in its malignant progression, suggesting that VEGF-targeted therapies are potentially promising to interrupt proliferation and motility of PDAC cells. Here, we evaluated the anti-tumor activity of cediranib, a pan-VEGF receptor inhibitor, on PDAC cells.

Methods

Anti-proliferative effects of cediranib were determined using cell proliferation assay and crystal violet staining. Annexin V/PI staining, radiation therapy and cell migration and invasion assays were carried out to examine the effects of cediranib on apoptosis, radiosensitivity, and cell motility, respectively. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis were applied to elucidate the molecular mechanisms for the anti-tumor activity of cediranib.

Results

Cediranib hindered cell proliferation and clonogenic survival and induced apoptotic cell death through inhibition of the anti-apoptotic proteins cIAP1, XIAP, MCL-1, and survivin. Combination with cediranib synergistically increased sensitivity to the chemotherapeutic agents gemcitabine and paclitaxel and potentiated the effects of radiation therapy on inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis. Furthermore, treatment with cediranib impaired PDAC cell migration and invasion via reduction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers ZEB1, N-cadherin and Snail.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that cediranib has potential anti-tumor activity in the PDAC cells and provide a rationale for further investigation on the therapeutic potential of this VEGFR-targeted therapy in the treatment of PDAC.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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