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Poster Display session 1

4883 - A New Population Model Validated Pharmacokinetic Similarity of HLX01 and Rituximab in B-Cell Lymphoma

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Display session 1

Presenters

Yuankai Shi

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v435-v448. 10.1093/annonc/mdz251

Authors

Y. Shi1, Y. Dan2, Y. Hong3, J. Guo3, S. Zhao4, X. Zeng5, P. Hu6, W. Jiang7, S. Liu7, X. Zhang8, A. Luk3, K. Chai3, E. Liu2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Medical Oncology, Beijing Key Laboratory of Clinical Study on Anticancer Molecular Targeted Drugs, National Cancer Center, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, 100021 - Beijing/CN
  • 2 Global Clinical And Medical Affairs - Clinical R&d, Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc., 20030 - Shanghai/CN
  • 3 Global Clinical And Medical Affairs, Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc., 20030 - Shanghai/CN
  • 4 Pk/pd, Certara Strategic Consulting China, 200122 - Shanghai/CN
  • 5 Rheumatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 100032 - Beijing/CN
  • 6 Clinical Pharmacology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 100032 - Beijing/CN
  • 7 Executive Office, Shanghai Henlius Biotech, Inc., 20030 - Shanghai/CN
  • 8 Global Clinical And Medical Affairs - Clinical Operations And Affairs, Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc., 20030 - Shanghai/CN

Resources

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Abstract 4883

Background

HLX01, the first-ever China (CN)-manufactured rituximab (RTX) biosimilar, was approved by National Medicinal Products Administration (NMPA) for the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) on 22 February 2019, and was concurrently developed as a novel drug to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in CN since the indication has not been approved. The objective of this study was to develop a reliable population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of rituximab in patients with RA, the most appropriate patient population for PK evaluation, and validate HLX01 and CN-RTX PK data in patients with DLBCL.

Methods

A PK model for HLX01 and the EU-RTX from a randomised, double-blind phase 1/2 study (NCT03355872) in 196 RA patients (serum sample n = 4289) was developed using non-linear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM®) with the first-order conditional estimation with interaction (FOCEI) method. PK and PK-pharmacodynamic relationship were characterised with various covariates (ie. demographics, pathphysiologic/disease conditions etc) which were examined by using forward addition (p < 0.01) / backward elimination (p < 0.001). The final model was evaluated using Bayesian bootstrap and visual predictive check (VPC). A total of 1000 simulations were tested using the observed covariates. The final model was validated using PK samples of HLX01 and CN-RTX from a randomised, double-blind phase 3 registrational study (NCT02787239) in 110 patients with CD20+ DLBCL.

Results

A two-compartment model with first-order elimination provided the best model fit. The estimated clearance (CL), central volume (Vc), peripheral compartment volume (Vp) and clearance of distribution from the central to the peripheral compartment (Q) were 27.32%, 16.56%, 21.61%, and 40.79%, respectively. The correlation between CL and Vwas 0.02239. The PopPK model of HLX01 and EU-RTX using RA patients adequately predicts the central tendency and variability of the HLX01 and CN-RTX in patients with DLBCL.

Conclusions

This PopPK model derived from RA patients can predict HLX01 and CN-RTX in patients DLBCL. HLX01 and EU-/CN-RTX had similar PK parameters and influential PK covariates. These results provided further evidence for PK similarity between HLX01 and RTXs in patients with RA or DLBCL.

Clinical trial identification

Two trials were listed in this abstract: 1. A Randomised, Double-blind, Phase 1/2 Study to Evaluate the PK, PD, Safety, and Efficacy Between HLX01 and Rituximab in Patients With Moderate to Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inadequate Response to Treatment With DMARDs ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03355872 2. Clinical Phase 3 Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Rituximab Biosimilar HLX01 and Rituximab in Combination With CHOP, in Previously Untreated Subjects With CD20+ DLBCL ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02787239.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Shanghai Henlius Biotech, Inc.

Funding

Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc.

Disclosure

Y. Shi: Honoraria (self), Advisory / Consultancy, Research grant / Funding (institution), Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. Y. Dan: Full / Part-time employment: Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc. Y. Hong: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Shanghai Henlius Biotech, Inc. J. Guo: Full / Part-time employment: Shanghai Henlius Biotech, Inc. S. Zhao: Advisory / Consultancy: Certara Strategic Consulting China. X. Zeng: Research grant / Funding (institution): Peking Union Medical College Hospital. P. Hu: Research grant / Funding (institution): Peking Union Medical College Hospital. W. Jiang: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, Officer / Board of Directors: I am an employee of Shanghai Henlius Biotech, Inc. S. Liu: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, Officer / Board of Directors: Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc. X. Zhang: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment: Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc. A. Luk: Leadership role, Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options, Full / Part-time employment, Officer / Board of Directors: Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc. K. Chai: Full / Part-time employment: Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc. E. Liu: Leadership role, Full / Part-time employment: I am an employee of Shanghai Henlius Biotech,Inc.

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