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Poster Discussion - Breast cancer, early stage

4132 - Prospective, multicenter registry trial to evaluate the clinical feasibility of targeted axillary dissection (TAD) in patients (pts) with breast cancer (BC) and core biopsy proven axillary involvement (cN+)

Date

28 Sep 2019

Session

Poster Discussion - Breast cancer, early stage

Presenters

Mattea Reinisch

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_5): v55-v98. 10.1093/annonc/mdz240

Authors

M. Reinisch1, J. Heil2, A. Rüland3, C. Seiberling1, H. Harrach1, D. Schindowski1, J. Lubitz1, C. Ankel4, S. Graßhoff5, P. Deuschle6, V. Hanf7, J. Holtschmidt8, E. Traut9, T. Kuehn10, S. Kuemmel1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Breast Unit, Kliniken Essen-Mitte Evang. Huyssens-Stiftung, 45136 - Essen/DE
  • 2 Department Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, 69120 - Heidelberg/DE
  • 3 Breast Unit, St. Marien-Hospital Düren, 52353 - Düren/DE
  • 4 Breast Unit, Rotkreuzklinikum München gGmbH, 80637 - München/DE
  • 5 Breast Unit, Harzklinikum Dorothea Christiane Erxleben, 38855 - Wernigerode/DE
  • 6 Breast Unit, Marienhaus Klinikum Hetzelstift Neustadt/Weinstraße, 67434 - Neustadt/DE
  • 7 Breast Unit Klinikum Fürth, Frauenklinik Nathanstift, 90766 - Fürth/DE
  • 8 Department Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, University Hospital of Cologne, 50931 - Cologne/DE
  • 9 Department Of Statistics, Kliniken Essen-Mitte Evang. Huyssens-Stiftung, 45136 - Essen/DE
  • 10 Breast Unit, Klinikum Esslingen, 73730 - Esslingen am Neckar/DE

Resources

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Abstract 4132

Background

As part of de-escalating strategies of the axillary treatment in lymph node (LN) positive BC pts, TAD was introduced (Caudle et al., JCO 2016). Despite this very interesting approach, some important aspects regarding the clinical feasibility after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) were missing if a safe procedure was to be guaranteed. The correct evaluation of pathologic complete response (pCR) has a prognostic impact in high risk BC pts (Katherine, CreATE X). This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of clip placement in positive axillary LNs followed by NACT and TAD in BC patients.

Methods

The Senta trial is a prospective, multicentric registry study (N = 598). Prior to NACT, pts with invasive BC received an ultrasound guided core biopsy with clip insertion into the suspicious axillary LN. After NACT, pts underwent axillary surgery according to the investigators discretion, with or without sentinel LN (SLN) biopsy. TAD included removal of the clipped LN and SLN biopsy (SLNB). The pathology of the clipped LN before and after NACT, other LNs, and the SLN were compared. The primary endpoint (EP) was the detection rate (DR) of the clipped LN after NACT. Secondary EP was the false negative rate (FNR) of TAD.

Results

Between January 2017 and October 2018, 598 cN+ BC pts from 50 different German breast units had biopsy proven axillary LN involvement and received clip insertion into the affected LN. The complete data set from 378 pts was available. After NACT, the clipped N was detected in 78.6% of the patients (target lymph node biopsy = TLNB), and 58.9% of the whole cohort received SLNB as well. The SLN and TLN were identical in 48.0%. An axillary dissection was performed overall in 68%. The FNR of TLNB was 8.0% (CI 95%, 3.0–12.0) for the whole cohort. TAD followed by axillary LN dissection had a FNR of 4.4% (2 of 45, CI 95%, 0.02–9.0).

Conclusions

Preliminary results demonstrated a high DR supporting the feasibility of this approach, however, the FNR of TAD (4.4%) was higher than reported earlier (FNR = 2.0%, Caudle et al.). This is of great importance for postneoadjuvant treatment decisions in case of non-pCR and should be discussed.

Clinical trial identification

NCT03102307; release date: April 5, 2017.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

Kliniken Essen-Mitte.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

M. Reinisch: Honoraria (self): Pfizer, Novartis, Eli Lilly, Roche; Advisory / Consultancy: Roche, Daiichi Sankyo, Hexal, Eli Lilly, Novartis; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Pfizer, Celgene, Novartis. J. Heil: Advisory / Consultancy: Roche, Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics; Research grant / Funding (self): BARD; Honoraria (self): Roche, Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, BARD; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Celgene. C. Seiberling: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Teva. C. Ankel: Advisory / Consultancy, Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: PFM medicals. V. Hanf: Honoraria (self): Novartis. J. Holtschmidt: Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche. S. Kuemmel: Advisory / Consultancy: Genentech, Genomic Health, Novartis, AstraZeneca, Amgen, Celgene, Somatex, Daiichi Sankyo, Puma Biotechnology, PFM Medical, Pfizer, MSD Oncology; Travel / Accommodation / Expenses: Roche, Daiichi Sankyo. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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