Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women worldwide and contributes to a significant amount of mortality annually. It also contributes significantly to cancer-related morbidity in Bali especially in Gianyar district where most of the breast cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between the levels of knowledge with the attitude of local-productive age women toward SADARI (breast self-assessment).
A family-based cross-sectional study was conducted in August 2018 in the Pejeng Kaja village, Ubud, Bali. The level of knowledge such as the definition of breast cancer, risk factors, therapy, prevention and several aspects of SADARI method was examined using a validated questionnaire. All of the data were subsequently recorded into SPSS for analysis.
122 respondents were enrolled in this study with a mean age of 45.65±9.51 years. More than half of the respondents were having at least high school education and 55% know breast cancer. However, 46.7% were known about SADARI. 5 variables were significantly associated with the status of SADARI knowledge namely: level of education, knowledge about breast cancer, breast cancer prevention, and how to perform SADARI as well as the frequency of SADARI performance by respondents (p < 0.05). Risk assessment for each variable showed that all variables had OR > 5 with the biggest OR on the level of education (OR: 7.2; 95%CI: 3.56-14.75).
We conclude that the level of education, knowledge about breast cancer, early symptoms of breast cancer, breast cancer prevention, and how to perform SADARI as well as frequency of SADARI performance influenced the performance rate of SADARI in reproductive women in Pejeng Kaja with low level of education posed the greatest risk of not performing SADARI.
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All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.