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Lunch & Poster Display session

11P - PD-L1 profiling of circulating tumour cells is a viable companion diagnostic for checkpoint inhibitor therapy in lung cancer

Date

12 Dec 2019

Session

Lunch & Poster Display session

Presenters

Revati Patil

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2019) 30 (suppl_11): xi1-xi11. 10.1093/annonc/mdz447

Authors

R. Patil1, S. Limaye2, D. Akolkar1, D. Patil1, V. Datta1, P. Devhare1, S. Patel1, A. Srinivasan1, R. Datar1

Author affiliations

  • 1 Research And Innovations, Datar Cancer Genetics, 422010 - Nashik/IN
  • 2 Medical Oncology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, 400053 - Mumbai/IN
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Resources

Abstract 11P

Background

Selection of Checkpoint Inhibitor therapies in several cancers are based on PD-L1 expression in tumor tissue determined by IHC. Invasive biopsy to obtain tumor tissue is associated with procedural risks, sequelae and expenses. Though PD-L1 profiling of Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) has been attempted previously, limitations arise due to low yields of CTCs in conventional methods. We describe a novel approach for harvesting sufficient CTCs that can be used for PD-L1 profiling by Immunocytochemistry (ICC).

Methods

15 ml peripheral blood was collected from 95 patients with histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of lung cancer. PBMCs were isolated by centrifugation. CTCs were enriched from PBMCs via an epigenetically acting stabilization process which induces apoptosis in normal (non-cancerous) cells while simultaneously conferring survival privilege on apoptosis-resistant cells of tumorigenic origin (CTCs). Surviving CTCs were confirmed by immunostaining for EpCAM and pan-CK. CTCs were further profiled for Napsin and TTF-1 (Lung-Adenocarcinoma specific), p40 (Squamous Cell Carcinoma specific), CK7 (Adenocarcinoma specific), Synaptophysin and Chromogranin (Neuroendocrine carcinoma specific) and PD-L1 (22c3).

Results

Viable CTCs could be enriched and harvested in all 95 samples regardless of treatment status and extent of disease (metastatic status). Deep ICC profiling including all organ- and subtype-specific markers as well as PD-L1 could be conducted in 71 out of the 95 samples (74.7%). Among the 71 samples which were evaluable, PD-L1 positivity was observed in 33 samples (46.5%). PD-L1 expression in these 33 samples was quantitatively estimated and assigned as ‘Low’, ‘Moderate’ or ‘High’. Among the 33 PD-L1 positive samples, 25 (75.8%) had low PD-L1 expression, 7 (21.2%) had moderate expression, and 1 (3%) had high expression.

Conclusion

ICC profiling of CTCs is a viable approach for determining suitability of patients for checkpoint inhibitor therapies. This method permits quantitative determination of PD-L1 expression which appears to have clinical relevance in determining the probability of favourable response to checkpoint inhibitor therapies.

Clinical trial identification

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

The authors.

Funding

Datar Cancer Genetics Limited.

Disclosure

R. Patil: Full / Part-time employment: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. D. Akolkar: Full / Part-time employment: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. D. Patil: Full / Part-time employment: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. V. Datta: Full / Part-time employment: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. P. Devhare: Full / Part-time employment: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. S. Patel: Full / Part-time employment: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. A. Srinivasan: Full / Part-time employment: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. R. Datar: Shareholder / Stockholder / Stock options: Datar Cancer Genetics Limited. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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