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Mini oral session - Gynaecological cancers

LBA34 - Association of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) with clinical outcomes in a phase III study of olaparib or cediranib and olaparib compared to platinum-based chemotherapy in recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer (PSOC): Biomarker analyses from NRG-GY004

Date

19 Sep 2021

Session

Mini oral session - Gynaecological cancers

Presenters

Joyce Liu

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2021) 32 (suppl_5): S1283-S1346. 10.1016/annonc/annonc741

Authors

J. Liu1, E. Swisher2, A. Miller3, E. Kohn4, M. Brady3, M. Radke2, C. Pennil2, N. Khasnavis2, J. Buscema5, W. Tew6, C. Muller7, E. Hill8, R. Moore9, D. Michelin10, S. Waggoner11, M. Geller12, K. Fujiwara13, S. D'Andre14, M.J. Birrer15

Author affiliations

  • 1 Department Of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, 02215 - Boston/US
  • 2 Department Of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Washington, 98195 - Seattle/US
  • 3 Department Of Biostatistics And Bioinformatics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, 14203 - Buffalo/US
  • 4 Gynecologic Cancer Therapeutics, Nci Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program, National Cancer Institute, Rockville/US
  • 5 Department Of Gynecologic Oncology, Arizona Oncology, 85711 - Tucson/US
  • 6 Department Of Medical Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 10065 - New York/US
  • 7 Department Of Gynecologic Oncology, University of New Mexico, 87131 - Albuquerque/US
  • 8 Division Of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Iowa, 52242 - Iowa City/US
  • 9 Department Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 14620 - Rochester/US
  • 10 Department Of Gynecologic Oncology, Cancer Research Consortium of West Michigan, 49503 - Grand Rapids/US
  • 11 Department Of Gynecological Oncology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, 44106 - Cleveland/US
  • 12 Department Of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Minnesota, 55455 - Minneapolis/US
  • 13 Department Of Gynecologic Oncology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Hidaka/JP
  • 14 Department Of Medical Oncology, Sutter Health Research Enterprise, 95816 - Sacramento/US
  • 15 Department Of Medical Oncology, UAMS - University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 72205 - Little Rock/US
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Resources

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Abstract LBA34

Background

HRD is associated with improved efficacy of PARP inhibitors (PARPi), but interaction between HRD and combined anti-angiogenics and PARPi is unclear. We explored several measures of HRD and clinical outcomes from NRG-GY004 (Liu, ASCO 2020).

Methods

NRG-GY004 is a randomized Phase 3 study evaluating olaparib (olap) or cediranib and olaparib (ced/olap) to platinum-based chemotherapy (chemo) in PSOC. BROCA-HR, a targeted next generation sequencing assay identifying all classes of mutations in 88 DNA repair or related genes was performed on germline and tumor DNA. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) was calculated as a fraction of sub-chromosomal loss using allelic ratios of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Associations between clinical outcomes, homologous recombination repair (HRR) mutation status, and LOH were evaluated via standard statistical methods.

Results

BROCA-HR was evaluable in 491 of 565 randomized patients (pts). Core HRR genes were wild-type (HRRwt) in 323 pts, mutant (HRRmt) in 147, and not assessable (NA) in 21. >90% of HRRmt were BRCAmt. LOH was low in 147 pts, high in 79, and NA in 265, mostly due to inadequate tumor content. Across all pts, HRRmt was prognostic (median PFS 13.7 vs 8.3 mos HRRwt; HR 0.41, p <0.0001). In pts with HRRmt, median PFS was 12.3, 13.1, and 20.4 mos for chemo, olap, and ced/olap, with HR 0.78 (95% CI 0.48-1.27) for olap to chemo and HR 0.55 (0.32-0.95) for ced/olap. In pts with HRRwt, median PFS was 9.0, 6.4, and 8.5 mos for chemo, olap, and ced/olap, with HR 1.56 (1.15-2.12) for olap and 0.93 (0.68-1.27) for ced/olap. HRR status was predictive of olap response vs chemo (p = 0.0176) but not of ced/olap vs chemo (p = 0.1009). LOH was not independently prognostic after adjustment for BRCAmt. Median PFS was 10.6, 8.5, and 12.2 mos for chemo, olap, and ced/olap in LOH-high pts, and 8.1, 6.3, and 8.4 mos in LOH-low; LOH status was not predictive of olap or ced/olap response vs chemo.

Conclusions

In NRG-GY004 pts, HRR status was driven by BRCAmt, correlated with overall prognosis, and was predictive of olap response vs chemo.

Clinical trial identification

NCT02446600.

Editorial acknowledgement

Legal entity responsible for the study

NRG Oncology.

Funding

National Cancer Institute.

Disclosure

E. Swisher: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Scientific Advisory Board: Ideaya Biosciences; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Tesaro/GSK; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Plexxicon. R. Moore: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Consulting: Fujirebio Diagnostics, Inc; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Research grant: Angle plc; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Consulting: AstraZeneca. K. Fujiwara: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: MSD; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Eisai; Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Genmab; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: MSD; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Eisai; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Chugai-Roche; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Clovis; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Regenerone; Non-Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Immediate Past Chair: Member of GCIG; Non-Financial Interests, Personal, Other, President Elect: IGCS; Non-Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Vice Chair: GOTIC; Non-Financial Interests, Personal, Other, PI for Japan: NRG Oncology. J. Liu: Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Other, Advisory board, Clinical trial support: AstraZeneca; Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Other, Advisory board, Clinical trial support: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Other, Advisory board, Clinical trial support: Genentech; Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Other, Advisory board, Clinical trial support: GSK; Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Other, Advisory board, Clinical trial support: Regeneron Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: 2x Oncology; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Aravive Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Arch Oncology; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Bristol Myers Squibb; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: CytomX Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Surface Oncology; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Clinical trial support: Vigeo Therapeutics. All other authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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