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Mini Oral session: Developmental therapeutics

457MO - A phase I study of ATR inhibitor M1774 in patients with solid tumours (DDRiver Solid Tumours 301): Part A1 results

Date

12 Sep 2022

Session

Mini Oral session: Developmental therapeutics

Topics

Clinical Research;  Targeted Therapy

Tumour Site

Presenters

Timothy Yap

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S197-S224. 10.1016/annonc/annonc1049

Authors

T.A. Yap1, A.W. Tolcher2, R. Plummer3, J. Mukker4, M. Enderlin5, C. Hicking6, G. Locatelli7, Z. Szucs8, I. Gounaris8, J.S. de Bono9

Author affiliations

  • 1 Investigational Cancer Therapeutics Dept. (phase I Program), The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 77030 - Houston/US
  • 2 Clinical Research, New Experimental Therapeutics (NEXT), 78229 - San Antonio/US
  • 3 Newcastle University And Northern Centre For Cancer Care, Newcastle Hospitals Trust, NE1 7RU - Newcastle-upon-Tyne/GB
  • 4 Quantitative Pharmacology, EMD Serono Research & Development Institute Inc., (an affiliate of Merck KGaA), 01821-3936 - Billerica/US
  • 5 Global Patient Safety, Merck Healthcare KGaA, 64293 - Darmstadt/DE
  • 6 Global Biostatistics, Merck Healthcare KGaA, 64293 - Darmstadt/DE
  • 7 Clinical Biomarkers And Companion Diagnostics, Merck Healthcare KGaA, 64293 - Darmstadt/DE
  • 8 Global Clinical Development, Oncology, Merck Serono Ltd., (an affiliate of Merck KGaA), TW14 8HA - Feltham/GB
  • 9 Experimental Cancer Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital, Sutton/GB
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Resources

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Abstract 457MO

Background

Ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related (ATR) protein kinase plays a critical role in the DNA damage response. M1774, a potent, selective, orally administered ATR inhibitor, exerts antitumour activity in preclinical models.

Methods

Part A1 of this open-label, single-arm study (NCT04170153) evaluated the safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of M1774 in patients with advanced solid tumours. A safety monitoring committee determined dose escalation, guided by a Bayesian 2-parameter logistic regression model. Biomarkers were assessed, and target engagement evaluated via γ-H2AX modulation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).

Results

55 patients received M1774 in 21d cycles over 14 cohorts (Table). 11 patients experienced DLTs (Table). The Bayesian model suggested the MTD was 180 mg (QD continuously). Across doses, M1774 was rapidly absorbed and eliminated (median tmax ∼0.5–3.5h; mean t½ ∼1.2–5.6h) with ≤2.4-fold accumulation. Up to 180 mg, exposure was approx. dose proportional but was slightly more than proportional at higher doses. At 180 mg QD, mean exposure over 24h at steady state was ∼30-fold higher than the in vitro pCHK1 drug concentration required for 90% inhibition. From 130 mg QD, γ-H2AX levels in PBMCs reduced by >80% 3h after the first dose, showing target engagement. In 13/35 patients of cohorts 1–11, loss of function mutations were detected by next-generation sequencing in baseline ctDNA samples, among them BRCA1/2 (6), ATM (3), ARID1A (4), ATRX (2). One patient with platinum and PARP inhibitor resistant BRCAwt ovarian cancer and ATRX mutation achieved RECIST v1.1 partial response. Table: 457MO

Dose-limiting toxicities by ascending dose

Dose Cohort N DLT DLT AE Terms
5-80 mg QD 1-5 11 No NA
130 mg QD 6+14 9 Yes Anaemia Grade 2 requiring transfusion (n=1)
180 mg QD 7+13 11 Yes Anaemia Grade 3 requiring transfusion (n=3)
220 mg QD 9 3 No NA
270 mg QD 8 4 Yes Anaemia Grade 3 requiring transfusion (n=1) Upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage Grade 3 and Platelet count decreased Grade 4 (n=1)
180 mg QD2w on/1w off 12 7 No NA
220 mg QD2w on/1w off 10 6 Yes Anaemia Grade 3 requiring transfusion (n=2)
150 mg BID4d on/3d off 11 4 Yes Anaemia Grade 2 (n=1) or Grade 3 (n=2) requiring transfusion

AE, adverse event; BID, twice daily; d, day; DLT, dose-limiting toxicity; NA, not applicable; QD, once daily; w, week.

Conclusions

These early data show M1774 monotherapy in patients with advanced solid tumours is well-tolerated. The DDRiver 301 study is ongoing, investigating M1774 monotherapy in biomarker-selected patients and M1774 + niraparib.

Clinical trial identification

NCT04170153.

Editorial acknowledgement

Medical writing assistance (funded by Merck) was provided by Lesley Taylor on behalf of Bioscript Stirling Ltd, Macclesfield, UK.

Legal entity responsible for the study

Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany.

Funding

Merck (CrossRef Funder ID: 10.13039/100009945).

Disclosure

T.A. Yap: Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Consultant: Almac, Aduro, AstraZeneca, Atrin, Axiom, Bayer, Bristol Myers Squibb, Clovis, Cybrexa, EMD Serono, Guidepoint, Ignyta, I-Mab, Jansen, Merck, Pfizer, Repare, Roche, Schrodinger, Varian, Zai Labs, AbbVie, Acrivon, Adagene, Amphista, Artios, Athena, Avoro, Baptist Health Systems, Beigene, Boxer, C4 Therapeutics, Calithera, Cancer Research UK, Diffusion, F-Star, Genmab, Glenmark, GLG, Globe Life Sciences, GSK, Idience, ImmuneSensor, Institut Gustave Roussy, Intellisphere, Kyn, MEI Pharma, Mereo, Natera, Nexys, Novocure, OHSU, OncoSec, Ono Pharma, Pegascy, PER, Piper-Sandler, Prolynx, resTORbio, Theragnostics, Versant, Vibliome, Xinthera, ZielBio; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, where I am Medical Director of the Institute for Applied Cancer Science, which has a commercial interest in DDR and other inhibitors (IACS30380/ART0380 was licensed to Artios): MD Anderson Cancer Center, Institute for Applied Cancer Sciences; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Seagan; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Grant/Research support: Bayer, Cyteir, EMD Serono, GlaxoSmithKline, Karyopharm, Pfizer, Repare, Sanofi, Artios, AstraZeneca, Beigene, BioNTech, Blueprint, BMS, Clovis, Constellation, Eli Lilly, Forbius, F-Star, Genentech, Haihe, ImmuneSensor, Ionis, Ipsen, Jounce, KSQ, Kyowa, Merck, Mirati, Novartis, Ribon Therapeutics, Regeneron, Rubius, Scholar Rock, Seattle Genetics, Tesaro, Vivace, Acrivon, Zenith. A.W. Tolcher: Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board, Fees for consulting and advisory board memberships for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is the CEO and Founder.: Adagene, Inc., ARO Biotherapeutics, BIOINVENT, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Deka Biosciences, Eleven Bio, ELUCIDA, EMD Serono/ MERK KGaA, IMMUNOME, Janssen Global Services, LLC, Jazz Pharmaceuticals, NBE Therapeutics, Pelican, Pieris Pharma, Pyxis Oncology, Senti Biosciences, Vincerx, Zymeworks Inc., MIRATI; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Fees for consulting and advisory board memberships for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is the CEO and Founder.: Asana BioSciences, LLC., Axlmmune, Bayer, Blu Print Oncology, Gilde Healthcare Partners, HBM Partners, IDEA Pharma, Immunomet Therapeutics, Inc., Karma Oncology, Lengo Therapeutics, Menarini Ricerche, Mersana, NANOBIOTIX, Partner Therapeutics, Pfizer Inc., PIERRE FABRE, RYVU Therapeutics, Seattle Genetics, SOTIO Biotechnology Co., Spirea Limited Inc., Transcenta Therapeutics Inc., Trillium Therapeutics Inc., ABBVIE, Inc, AGENUS, Inc., Ascentage, Mekanistic Therapeutics, Zentalis; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Fees for consulting for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is the President and Founder.: Aclaris Therapeutics; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Fees for consulting for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is President and Founder.: Daiichi Sankyo, Inc.; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, NOTE: Fees for consulting and advisory board memberships for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is President and Founder.: Immuneering, Impact Therapeutics US, Inc., Ocellaris Pharma, Inc. & Eli Lilly, SK Life Science, Sunshine Guojian Pharmaceutical (Shanghai) Co., Ltd; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board, NOTE: Fees for consulting and advisory board memberships for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is President and Founder.: ZielBio, Inc., Ikena Oncology, Hiber Cell, Inc.; Financial Interests, Institutional, Invited Speaker, Dr. Tolcher is the Director of Research, CEO and Founder of NEXT Oncology: NEXT Oncology; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Pyxis Oncology; Financial Interests, Institutional, Invited Speaker, Fees for studies are paid for all study related costs, to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which Dr. Anthony Tolcher is CEO and Founder: Adagene Inc, Apros Therapeutics, Inc., ABBVIE, Inc, Aminex Therapeutics, Inc., Amphivena Therapeutics, Inc., Arcellx, Inc., ARMO Biosciences, Arrys Therapeutics, Inc., Artios Pharma Limited, Asana BioSciences, LLC., Ascentage Pharma Group Inc., Astex Pharmaceuticals, Basilea Pharmaceutica International Ltd, BioInvent International AB, BioNTech RNA Pharmaceuticals GmbH, BioNTech RNA Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Birdie Biopharmaceuticals, HK Ltd., BJ Bioscience Inc., Codiak BioSciences, Inc., Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceutical, Inc., Boston Biomedical, Inc., Calgent Biotechnology Co., Ltd., CStone Pharmaceuticals (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Cybrexa Therapeutics, Inc., Daiichi Sankyo Inc., Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, LLC, eFFECTOR Therapeutics, Inc, Eli Lilly and Company, EMD Serono, Gilead Sciences, Inc., GlaxoSmithKline Research & Development Limited, IDEAYA Biosciences, Haihe Biopharma Co., Ltd., Heat Biologics, IDEAYA Biosciences, ImmuneOncia Therapeutics, Inc., IMPACT Therapeutics, Inc., Inhibrx, Inc., Innate Pharma SA, Janssen Research & Development, K-Group Beta, Inc., KeChow Pharma, Inc., Kiromic Biopharma, Inc, Mabspace Biosciences (Suzhou) Co., Limited, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co. Inc., Mersana Therapeutics, Inc., Mirati Therapeutics, Inc., NatureWise Biotech & Medicals Corporation, Navire Pharma Inc., NBE-Therapeutics AG, NextCure, Inc, Nitto BioPharma, Inc., Odonate Therapeutics, Inc., Pelican Therapeutics, Inc., Petra Pharma, Pfizer, Inc., Pieris Pharmaceuticals, Inc., PMV Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Qilu Puget Sound Biotherapeutics Corporation, Samumed, LLC, Seattle Genetics, Inc., Shanghai Haihe Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, Spring Bank Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Sunshine Guojian Pharmaceutical (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Symphogen A/S, Syndax Pharmaceuticals Inc., Synthorx, Inc., Takeda, Tizona Therapeutics, Zymeworks Inc.; Financial Interests, Institutional, Invited Speaker: ADC Therapeutics SA, Agenus Inc.; Financial Interests, Institutional, Invited Speaker, Fees for studies are paid for all study related costs, to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which Dr. Anthony Tolcher is CEO and Founder.: ORIC Pharmaceuticals; Non-Financial Interests, Principal Investigator: ABBVIE, Inc; Non-Financial Interests, Principal Investigator, Fees for studies are paid for all study related costs, to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which Dr. Anthony Tolcher is CEO and Founder: ABL Bio Inc., Adagene Inc, ADC Therapeutics SA, Agenus Inc., Aminex Therapeutics, Inc., Amphivena Therapeutics, Inc., Apros Therapeutics, Inc., Arcellx, Inc., ARMO Biosciences, Arrys Therapeutics, Inc., Artios Pharma Limited, Asana BioSciences, LLC., Ascentage Pharma Group Inc., Astex Pharmaceuticals, Basilea Pharmaceutica International Ltd, BioInvent International AB, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceutical, Inc., BioNTech RNA Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Birdie Biopharmaceuticals, HK Ltd., BJ Bioscience Inc., Boston Biomedical, Inc., Calgent Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Codiak BioSciences, Inc., CStone Pharmaceuticals (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Cybrexa Therapeutics, Inc., Daiichi Sankyo Inc., Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, LLC, eFFECTOR Therapeutics, Inc, Eli Lilly and Company, EMD Serono, Gilead Sciences, Inc., IDEAYA Biosciences, GlaxoSmithKline Research & Development Limited, Haihe Biopharma Co., Ltd., Heat Biologics, ImmuneOncia Therapeutics, Inc., IMPACT Therapeutics, Inc., Inhibrx, Inc., Innate Pharma SA, Janssen Research & Development, K-Group Beta, Inc., KeChow Pharma, Inc.; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Note: Provided expert testimony. Fees for consulting and advisory board memberships for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is President and Founder: Immunogen; Financial Interests, Institutional, Other, Note: Received travel, accommodation and expenses. Fees for consulting and advisory board memberships for Dr. Anthony Tolcher are paid to New Experimental Therapeutics, LLC d/b/a NEXT Oncology of which he is President and Founder: Sotio. R. Plummer: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Pierre Faber, Bayer, Novartis, BMS, Cybrexa, Ellipses, CV6 Therapeutics, Astex Therapetics, Sanofi Aventis, Immunocore, Genmab, Medivir, Onexo; Financial Interests, Institutional, Royalties, Royalties relating to rucaparib licencing: Clovis Oncology; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honorarium as member of IDMC: SOTIO, Alligator Biosciences; Financial Interests, Personal, Other, Honoraria as member of IDMC: GSK. J. Mukker: Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Full or part-time Employment: EMD Serono. M. Enderlin, C. Hicking, G. Locatelli: Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Full or part-time Employment: Merck Healthcare KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany. Z. Szucs: Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Full or part-time Employment: Merck Serono Ltd., Feltham, UK. I. Gounaris: Financial Interests, Personal and Institutional, Full or part-time Employment: Merck Serono Ltd., Feltham, UK; Financial Interests, Personal, Stocks/Shares: Novartis, Alcon. J.S. de Bono: Financial Interests, Personal, Advisory Board: Amgen, Astellas, AstraZeneca, Bayer, Bioxcel Therapeutics, Boehringer Ingelheim, Cellcentric, Daiichi, Eisai, Genentech Roche, Genmab, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen, Merck Serono, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Orion Pharma, Pfizer, Qiagen, Sanofi Aventis, Sierra Oncology, Taiho, Terumo, Vertex Pharmaceuticals; Financial Interests, Institutional, Advisory Board: Harpoon; Financial Interests, Institutional, Research Grant: Astellas, AstraZeneca, Bayer, Cellcentric, Daiichi, Genentech Roche, Genmab, GlaxoSmithKline, Harpoon, Janssen, Merck Serono, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Orion Pharma, Pfizer, Sanofi Aventis, Sierra Oncology, Taiho, Vertex Pharmaceuticals, Crescendo Biologics; Non-Financial Interests, Principal Investigator: Amgen, Astellas, AstraZeneca, Bayer, Bioxcel Therapeutics, Boehringer Ingelheim, Cellcentric, Daiichi, Eisai, Genentech Roche, Genmab, GlaxoSmithKline, Harpoon, Janssen, Menarini Silicon Biosystems, Merck Serono, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Orion Pharma, Pfizer, Qiagen, Sanofi Aventis, Sierra Oncology, Taiho, Terumo, Vertex Pharmaceuticals; Non-Financial Interests, Institutional, Product Samples: Daiichi, Bayer, Merck Serono, AstraZeneca, Harpoon, Pfizer, Sierra Oncology, Genentech/Roche, Sanofi Aventis, GlaxoSmithKline.

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