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Poster display - Cocktail

168 - Longitudinal study on incidences of obesity and weight changes in Chinese patients with early-stage breast cancer

Date

24 Nov 2018

Session

Poster display - Cocktail

Presenters

Winnie Yeo

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2018) 29 (suppl_9): ix1-ix7. 10.1093/annonc/mdy426

Authors

W. Yeo1, Y.Y. Lei1, A.C. Cheng2, C.C. Kwok2, K.L. Cheung1, R. Lee1, I.C. Lee1, Y.Q. He1, S. Ho3

Author affiliations

  • 1 Clinical Oncology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 000 - Shatin/HK
  • 2 Clinical Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, 000 - Kowloon/HK
  • 3 School Of Public Health, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 000 - Shatin/HK
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Resources

Abstract 168

Background

Breast cancer survivors have previously been reported to experience weight gains after initial cancer diagnosis. In this prospective study of breast cancer survivors over a 36-month period, the objectives were to determine the changes in body mass index (BMI) and weight after initial diagnosis and to determine potential associated factors.

Methods

Chinese women with newly diagnosed early-stage breast cancer were recruited. Individual patients had their height measured at W0. Their weight and BMI were determined at breast cancer diagnosis (W0) and at 36-month follow-up (W1). Socio-demographic, clinical and lifestyle factors were recorded. Analyses were conducted to determine potential associated factors with weight change.

Results

1133 patients were studied. The mean age at diagnosis was 52 years; 602 patients were premenopausal at breast cancer diagnosis. The proportions of overweight and obese patients were 21.2% and 28.5%, respectively, at W0, and 21.7% and 30.9%, respectively, at W1. When compared to W0, assessments at W1 revealed that 29.0% of breast cancer survivors had weight change within ±2%, 19.7% had weight gain by 2-5% and 23.2% had weight gain >5%, while 28.1% had weight loss >2%. The median value of weight change between W0 and W1 was 0.6 kg (range: -19.6, 20.5). On univariate analysis, younger women, women who were premenopausal at T2, women who were underweight at diagnosis and those who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy had more weight gain at 36-month post-diagnosis. Lifestyle factors, including smoking and alcohol, level of physical activity and energy intake, as well as other socio-demographic and clinical factors were not associated with weight change.

Conclusions

At 36-month follow-up, this prospective study revealed that the proportions of Chinese breast cancer survivors who were overweight and obese were relatively stable. Further, weight gain was uncommon among the studied population. Further studies are warranted to assess their long-term outcomes.

Editorial acknowledgement

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Joint CUHK-NTEC Clinical Research Ethics Committee and the KWC Research Ethics Committee.

Funding

World Cancer Research Fund International (Grant Number WCRF 2010/249 and WCRF 2014/1197).

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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