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Poster display - Cocktail

669 - A novel nipple aleolar complex involvement predictive index (NACPI) for indicating nipple sparing mastectomy in breast cancer

Date

24 Nov 2018

Session

Poster display - Cocktail

Presenters

Hirohito Seki

Citation

Annals of Oncology (2018) 29 (suppl_9): ix1-ix7. 10.1093/annonc/mdy426

Authors

H. Seki1, T. Sakurai1, K. Shimizu2

Author affiliations

  • 1 Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, 330-0074 - Saitama city/JP
  • 2 Diagnostic Of Pathology, Saitama Medical Center, 330-0074 - Saitama city/JP
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Abstract 669

Background

While Preservation of NAC is concerned to increase the risk of local recurrences in the retroareolar glandular tissue, nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM) is increasing in patients with breast cancer and has been shown to result in better cosmetic outcome and the benefit for quality-of-life. The purpose of this study is to identify the predictors of NAC involvement retrospectively and to develop a clinical predictive model to select the patients who can be offered preservation of NAC.

Methods

A total of 168 patients with primary operable breast cancer who received subcutaneous mastectomy for breast reconstruction at Saitama Medical Center during July 2013 to December 2017 were selected from the hospital’s surgical database.

Results

Of the 20 patients who were resected NAC, NAC involvement positivity was only 50.0% (10/20). This revealed that NAC involvement with a sensitivity (SN) of 40.0%, a specificity (SP) of 93.0%, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 50.0% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 89.9%. Correlation between NAC involvement and clinicopathological factors, tumor size ≧4cm (P < 0.001), DNT <1cm by MMG (P = 0.002), DNT <1cm by MRI (P < 0.001), nipple contrast findings by MRI (P < 0.001), tumor in central portion (P < 0.001), multicentirc/focal lesion (P < 0.001), c(N) positive (P = 0.014) were significant relation with NAC involvement. Each predictors were scored 0 or 1, and the total score of 0-3 points was defined as low risk, 4 points as intermediate risk, and 5-7 points as high risk. Depending on this categorized classification, the NAC involvement rate was 3.5% (5/142) in low risk, 68.7% (11/16) in intermediate risk, 90.0% (9/10) in high risk and there was a significant correlation between the risk group and NAC involvement (P < 0.001). Notably, assuming that NAC is preserved for low risk patients and is resected for intermediate and high risk patients, NACPI contributes to improve the accuracy of selecting the surgical procedures (SN 80.0%, SP 95.8%, PPV 76.9%, NPV 96.5%).

Conclusions

This study suggests that NACPI can help us indicating subcutaneous mastectomy for the breast cancer patients who request preserve NAC with more oncological safety.

Editorial acknowledgement

Clinical trial identification

Legal entity responsible for the study

Saitama Medical Center.

Funding

Has not received any funding.

Disclosure

All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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